Revista publica ‘Guia de Viagens Intergalácticas’

Astronomia: 4 viagens espaciais que você pode fazer pela internet

STAR TREK Cronology

STAR TREK  Important Events – standard timeline (8000 a.C-2850)

Comando USS Orbiter A  |  Ago, 30 de 2014

.

startrek timeline

startrek timeline

8000 a.C.  (EARTH) – Upper Paleolithic ends. Paleoamericanos Pre-Anasazi arrive at the current Southwest Region of the United States. Villages in Aero, Denmark are founded…..  The Ferengi code capitalist practices in the Rules of Acquisition.

3250 a.C. – 2500 a.C. (EARTH) – Pre-history (Sumerians, Assyrians, Persians, Indians, Chinese), Mesopotamia.

1200 a.C. (EARTH) –  Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Japaneses…..

300 is founded domain by changing beings. Leave Vulcan

400 Vulcan dissidents to set the Romulan Empire.

800 Kahless unifies the Klingon Empire.

1600 The Bajoran space travel begin with solar sail spacecraft.

1870 Cardassian Union is established.

1939-1945 World War II.

1957 was the first artificial satellite launched from Earth, Sputnik 1 by the USSR 1961 is put the first human in space. Gagarin U.S.S.R. They land

1969 first humans on the moon. Armstrong and Aldrin E.E.U.U.

1971 was built the first space station temporarily manned Salyut 1 of the USSR and it’s the first human fatalities occur in space.

1980 U.S. launches first reusable space shuttle.

1993-1996 eugenics wars occur in Asia, 37 million die.

2017 is performed the first manned mission to Saturn.

2018 The Dax symbiont is born on Trill.

2024 domestic discomforts appear in the United States and Europe.

2053 Colonel Green started the third world war on Earth, 600,000,000 people die.

2063 First trip Warp humans by Cochrane.

2063 First contact with the Vulcans.

2110 Establishment of a unified world government on Earth.

2117 Zefram Cochrane disappears and is declared dead.

2151 Launch of the Enterprise NX-01.

2156 War breaks out between the Romulan Empire and Earth.

2160 Defeat of the Romulan Empire, was signed the Treaty of Algernon.

2161 Foundation of the United Federation of Planets. Vulcan Sarek was born in 2165.

2218 The first contact with the Klingons results in disaster. Montgomery Scott was born 2222.

2223 Grows war between the UFP and the Klingon Empire.

2227 Leonard H. McCoy was born.

2230 Born in Vulcan Spock, son of Sarek and Amanda.

2233 James T. Kirk was born in Iowa (Earth).

2237 Hikaru Sulu is born in San Francisco (Earth).

2239 Uhura born on Earth.

2245 launch occurs Enterprise NCC-1701.

2249 Spock enters the Starfleet Academy.

2250 Kirk enlists in Starfleet Academy. As a cadet serving on the USS Republic.

2251 Christopher Pike assumes command of the Starship Enterprise NCC-1701. Spock 2252 as Starfleet cadet, serving aboard the Enterprise under the command of C. Pike. Spock 2253 graduates from Starfleet Academy.

2254 Kirk graduates from Starfleet Academy and is assigned to the USS Farragut.

2254 Talos IV is declared outside the boundaries of the Federation. David Marcus was born 2261, son of James Kirk and Carol Marcus.

2264 James T. Kirk takes command of the USS Enterprise NCC-1701. Tuvok was born 2264.

2266-2269 (Star Trek: The Original Series).

2266 Captain Pike is injured in training. Return to Talos IV.

2266 Romulan incursion into the Neutral Zone.

2267 The Organians impose peace between the Klingons and the Federation.

2267 The Enterprise encounters the SS Botany Bay. Khan is exiled to Ceti Alpha V.

2267 Spock returns to Vulcan to take T’Pring as wife.

2267 Coridan is admitted to the Federation after the Babel conference.

2268 The Romulans and Klingons share military technology.

2268 Kirk and Spock are arrested by the Romulans while trying to steal an artifact shifter. Finalized 2269 5 year mission Kirk. The Enterprise returns to the dock for reforms.

2269 he was promoted to Admiral Kirk, Spock and McCoy are removed from Starfleet. 2271 (Star Trek The Movie).

2271 The Enterprise saves V’Ger Earth. Spock and McCoy return to Starfleet. Launch the Enterprise NCC 2272 amended 1701.

2272 The Klingons Romulans defeat at the Battle of Klach D’kel Brakt.

2284 Spock becomes instructor Starfleet Academy.

2285 (Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan).

2285 Khan escapes from Ceti Alpha V and steals the USS Reliant to seize the Genesis Project.

2285 Spock dies saving the Enterprise.

2285 (Star Trek III: The Search for Spock).

2285 Kirk destroys the Enterprise. Kirk and his crew rescue Spock’s body.

2285 Mount reborn Spock on Vulcan Seleya.

2286 (Star Trek IV: The Journey Home).

2286 Earth is attacked by a space probe, which is stopped by the crew of the Enterprise.

2286 Launch of the Enterprise NCC 1701-A.

2287 (Star Trek: The Final Frontier).

2287 The Enterprise is stolen by Sybok which attempts to find God.

2290 Hikaru Sulu is promoted to captain of the USS Excelsior.

2292 collapses the alliance between the Klingon Empire and the Romulans.

2292 The homeworld of the Klingons in threatened by the explosion of one of its moons.

2292-2293 (Star Trek: The Undiscovered Country). Khitomer 2293 The Conference proposes peace between the Federation and the Klingons.

2293 The Enterprise-A is decommissioned.

2294 (Star Trek: Generations).

2294 Launch of the Enterprise NCC-1701-B.

2294 Captain Kirk is reported deceased.

2295 Captain Scott is removed. It is reported missing en route to Cologne Norphin.

2295 Dyson sphere is discovered.

2298 Tuvok Starfleet waiver.

2300 The Klingon exterminate the Tribbles.

Star Trek Timeline

2364: William T. Riker is offered command of the ill-fated USS Drake, but instead accepts posting to the new USS Enterprise-D as first officer. (TNG: “The Arsenal of Freedom”). Captain Jean-Luc Picard takes command of the USS Enterprise-D and the ship departs Earth on its first mission, to Farpoint Station. The official order to take command is signed by Rear Admiral Norah Satie on stardate 41148. The Enterprise subsequently makes first official contact with the Q entity and the lifeform which formed Farpoint. (TNG: “Encounter at Farpoint”, “All Good Things…”). The Enterprise receives a strange message from the crew of USS Tsiolkovsky, an Oberth-class vessel observing a red supergiant that is about to explode into a white dwarf. Upon arrival, the crew is discovered all dead by an away team. The crew of the Tsiolkovsky was suffering from polywater intoxication, which is later introduced to the Enterprise crew by Geordi La Forge. The Enterprise is nearly destroyed by a stellar core fragment from the supergiant after Jim Shimoda removes all the isolinear chips from engineering, preventing the Enterprise from going to warp, but the ship is saved by the actions of Lieutenant Commander Data and Wesley Crusher. (TNG: “The Naked Now”). Lore is discovered on Omicron Theta by the Enterprise crew. He is reassembled, but later transported into space when he tries to betray the Enterprise to the Crystalline Entity. (TNG: “Datalore”). Natasha Yar is killed on Vagra II by the entity known as Armus. (TNG: “Skin of Evil”). The Romulan Star Empire returns to interstellar politics after 53 years of isolation. (TNG: “The Neutral Zone”).

2365: Dr. Beverly Crusher leaves the USS Enterprise-D to become head of Starfleet Medical. She is replaced by Dr. Katherine Pulaski. Geordi La Forge is promoted to full lieutenant and made the Enterprise chief engineer. Worf is permanently made Enterprise security chief. (TNG: “The Child”). Commander William T. Riker becomes the first Starfleet officer to serve on a Klingon vessel when he participates in the Officer Exchange Program. (TNG: “A Matter Of Honor”). Captain Jean-Luc Picard helps to define the rights of artificial life after Commander Bruce Maddox attempts to disassemble Data in order to construct more androids like him. Data is granted the full rights appropriate to all sentient lifeforms. (TNG: “The Measure Of A Man”). Riker is offered command of the USS Aries, but declines the offer to remain with the Enterprise. (TNG: “The Icarus Factor”). The United Federation of Planets makes First Contact with the Borg after Q hurls the Enterprise-D 7,000 light years to System J-25. (TNG: “Q Who”). Guinan comes aboard the Enterprise-D at Captain Picard’s personal request. She takes the position of bartender in Ten Forward. (TNG: “The Best of Both Worlds”).

2366: The Romulan scout ship Pi crashes on Galorndon Core. It is suspected the ship was conducting covert operations in Federation space before it crashed. The Federation and the Romulans nearly go to war over the incident. (TNG: “The Enemy”). Dr. Beverly Crusher returns to the USS Enterprise-D. Geordi La Forge is promoted to Lieutenant Commander, while Worf is promoted to full lieutenant. (TNG: “Evolution”). Data creates another Soong-type android, known as Lal. Unfortunately, Lal’s positronic net destabilizes and Data is forced to deactivate her. (TNG: “The Offspring”). A Romulan warbird, which participated in the Khitomer Massacre of 2346, is captured by warriors of the Klingon Empire. Her logs identify the traitor at Khitomer as Ja’rod, the father of Klingon High Council member Duras. (TNG: “Sins of the Father”). Ja’rod was the father of Duras, Lursa and B’Etor, and the leader of the Klingon House of Duras in the early 24th century. He was an old and bitter enemy of Mogh and the House of Mogh. In 2346, he moved to the colony on Khitomer. There, he transmitted the colony’s defense codes to the Romulans, who used the codes to lower the colony’s deflector shield and attack. In the ensuing massacre, over 4,000 Klingons were killed, including Ja’rod and Mogh. Ja’rod’s responsibility was unknown to the Klingons for the next twenty years, until a Romulan record of the attack on the outpost was discovered in 2366. However, by this time Ja’rod’s son Duras had become politically powerful on the Klingon High Council, and the High Council chose to officially blame Mogh for the disaster instead, in order to keep the Empire from breaking into civil war. (TNG: “Sins of the Father”). Ambassador Sarek is diagnosed with Bendii Syndrome, shortly before he conducts final negotiations with the Legarans. (TNG: “Sarek”). William T. Riker is offered command of the USS Melbourne. (TNG: “The Best of Both Worlds”). Harry Kim enters Starfleet Academy. (VOY: “Non Sequitur”). The United Federation of Planets is attacked by a Borg cube, which annihilates the New Providence colony on Jouret IV, as well as the freighter USS Lalo. The Enterprise-D intercepts the Borg near the Paulson Nebula, and Captain Jean-Luc Picard is abducted and assimilated. The Enterprise prepares an energy weapon based on its deflector dish, but Picard, as Locutus of Borg, gives the Borg knowledge which renders the deflector weapon useless. The Borg continue on a course to Earth. (TNG: “The Best of Both Worlds”). Starfleet begins development of the USS Defiant. (DS9: “The Search, Part I”).

2367:

2369:

2370:

  •  Stardate 47025.4 – A second Borg incursion intoFederation space continues (having begun in 2369, around stardate 46982.1), as individualized Borg dronesare led by Lore, a Soong-type android. However, their attempt to annihilate the Federation is once again foiled by Captain Jean-Luc Picard and the USS Enterprise-D. (TNG: “Descent, Part II“)
  • B’Elanna Torres joins the Maquis after Chakotay saves her life. (VOY: “Caretaker”, “Dreadnought”, “One”)
  • Kathryn Janeway is chosen to command the USS Voyager. (VOY: “Death Wish”)
  • Deanna Troi is promoted to full commander and becomes a bridge officer upon passing the Bridge Officer’s test. (TNG: “Thine Own Self”)
  • Wesley Crusher leaves Starfleet Academy to join the Traveler in explorations of alternate planes of reality. (TNG: “Journey’s End”)
  • Ro Laren completes the Advanced Tactical Training program and is promoted to lieutenant. She returns to theEnterprise-D, but later defects to the Maquis. (TNG: “Preemptive Strike”)
  • Stardate 47007.1 – The USS Equinox, commanded by Captain Rudolph Ransom, is commissioned. (VOY: “Equinox”)

2371: Starfleet introduces a new combadge with a gold rectangle with a cutout oval in the center replacing the gold oval. (DS9: “The Search, Part I”, Star Trek Generations, VOY: “Caretaker”). The starship USS Equinox disappears, pulled into the Delta Quadrant by the Caretaker. The ship sets a return course to the Alpha Quadrant, but encounters the Krowtonan Guard, becoming severely damaged while losing half of its crew. (VOY: “Equinox”). The starship USS Voyager departs Deep Space 9 on a mission to find the Maquis raider Val Jean. Both ships are thrown 75,000 light years into the Delta Quadrant by the Caretaker. The Caretaker’s array, the only means home, is later destroyed by Captain Kathryn Janeway in order to protect the Ocampa and the two crews are forced to work together to find a route back to the Alpha Quadrant. (VOY: “Caretaker”). Neelix and Kes join the Voyager crew. (VOY: “Caretaker”). Captain Janeway grants field commissions to the Maquis crew. She assigns Commander Chakotay as her first officer and Lieutenant B’Elanna Torres as her chief engineer. Tom Paris is given the field commission of lieutenant and assigned to the conn. The ship’s EMH, otherwise known as The Doctor, is assigned as chief medical officer. (VOY: “Parallax”). Worf is promoted to Lieutenant Commander. (Star Trek Generations). Dr. Tolian Soran uses a trilithium weapon to collapse the Amargosa star. (Star Trek Generations). The USS Enterprise-D is destroyed over Veridian III. Almost the entire crew survives in the ship’s saucer section after the ship’s separation, which crash lands on the planet after the ship’s stardrive section exploded. (Star Trek Generations). Captain James T. Kirk emerges from the Nexus and is killed helping Jean-Luc Picard prevent Dr. Soran from destroying the Veridian system. (Star Trek Generations). Seska’s true roots as a Cardassian spy are revealed. She betrays the Voyager crew and joins the Kazon. (VOY: “State of Flux”). Reginald Barclay transfers to Jupiter Station and works at Dr. Lewis Zimmerman’s holographic laboratory to test the Emergency Medical Hologram’s interpersonal skills. (VOY: “Projections”). Benjamin Sisko is promoted by Starfleet Command from Commander to Captain. (DS9: “The Adversary”).

2372: Starfleet introduces a new style of phasers and tricorders in this year. (DS9: “The Way of the Warrior”; VOY: “Initiations”). Convinced by a Changeling posing as General Martok that the Cardassian government had been infiltrated by the Founders, the Klingon Empire invades the Cardassian Union. However, the United Federation of Planets objects to this action, causing Chancellor Gowron to withdraw from the Khitomer Accords, ending their alliance. At the end of this year, the Changeling posing as General Martok convinces Gowron to take further aggressive action, causing the Klingon Empire to annex the Archanis sector from the Federation, there by starting an open war between the two powers. (DS9: “The Way of the Warrior”, “Broken Link”). A transporter accident combines Tuvok and Neelix into a single being, Tuvix. He is later separated into his two halves against his will by Captain Janeway. (VOY: “Tuvix”). The USS Enterprise-E is launched from the San Francisco Fleet Yards on stardate 49827.5. (Star Trek: First Contact). The IDW Publishing comic mini-series Star Trek: Spock: Reflections depicts Ambassador Spock retrieving Kirk’s body on Veridian III and placing it at the Kirk Farmstead in Iowa during this year.

2373:

2374: Jadzia was given command of the Defiant by Admiral Ross, after he promoted Captain Sisko to be his adjutant and married Worf too. When it was uncovered that a major reason for the Dominion’s dominance was a sensor array monitoring all activity across five sectors, Jadzia commanded a successful mission to destroy it. When the Federation and allied forces went on the offensive at the First Battle of Chin’toka, she stayed behind and took command of Deep Space 9. Sadly, though, while her crewmates were fighting the battle, Gul Dukat (controlled by a Pah-wraith) struck her down. She was in a Bajoran temple when Dukat arrived and unleashed the Pah-wraith into a sacred Orb in order to imprison the Prophets in the wormhole; when she tried to stop him, he killed her. Her symbiont was saved and transferred to another Trill, Ezri Tigan, who became Ezri Dax. (DS9: “Tears of the Prophets”, “Shadows and Symbols”).

2375: The Treaty of Bajor is signed, ending the Dominion War. The Voyager crew builds the Delta Flyer shuttlecraft. (VOY: “Extreme Risk”). Species 8472 creates a simulation of Earth on a space station in the Delta Quadrant to train individuals of their species to infiltrate Starfleet Command. The USS Voyager later convinces them that the Federation is not a threat. (VOY: “In the Flesh”). Lieutenant Tuvok began suffering from a memory virus accidentally transferred to his mind from Dmitri Valtane eighty years previously, in 2293. With Kathryn Janeway acting as his pyllora, the two try to discover the cause of the virus and inadvertently experience memories of Tuvok’s first Starfleet posting; the USS Excelsior under the command of Captain Hikaru Sulu. (VOY: “Flashback”). The USS Enterprise and are successful in stopping Arne Darvin from killing James T. Kirk. (DS9: “Trials and Tribble-ations”). The USS Farragut is destroyed by the Klingons while protecting the colonists of Ajilon Prime. (DS9: “Nor the Battle to the Strong”). Starfleet introduces a new uniform design which quickly replaces all uniforms in use, with gray quilted shoulders and department color indicated by the undershirt and the cuffs on the jacket, but the crew aboard the USS Voyager and the crew aboard the USS Equinox continued to use the previous uniform design, due to their ships being stranded in the Delta Quadrant. (Star Trek: First Contact; DS9: “Rapture”; VOY: “Message in a Bottle”). Kirayoshi O’Brien, the second child of Miles and Keiko O’Brien is born. (DS9: “The Begotten”). The second major Borg incursion, the Battle of Sector 001, takes place. The USS Enterprise-E plays a major role in the battle, and later pursues a Borg sphere into the year 2063 to prevent the Borg from interfering with Zefram Cochrane’s historic warp flight. (Star Trek: First Contact). The Borg and Species 8472 go to war after the Borg attempt to invade Species 8472’s native fluidic space. (VOY: “Scorpion”). The Dominion invades the Alpha Quadrant. (DS9: “In Purgatory’s Shadow”). The Cardassian Union officially joins the Dominion. (DS9: “By Inferno’s Light”). Klingon Chancellor Gowron reinstates the Khitomer Accords with the Federation. (DS9: “By Inferno’s Light”). General Martok is given command of the IKS Rotarran and is successful in rescuing survivors of the IKS B’Moth. (DS9: “Soldiers of the Empire”). The Dominion signs non-aggression treaties with several powers, including the Romulans, Tholians, Miradorn, and Bajorans. (DS9: “Call to Arms”). The Second Battle of Deep Space 9 takes place, in which the Dominion takes control of the Bajor sector including the Federation space station Deep Space 9 at its crucial position next to the wormhole to the Gamma Quadrant. (DS9: “Call to Arms”). The Dominion War begins. (DS9: “Call to Arms”).

The USS Voyager enters Borg space and makes first contact with Species 8472. Captain Kathryn Janeway proposes an alliance with the Borg to fight Species 8472. (VOY: “Scorpion”).

2376: In the game Star Trek: Armada, a Borg sphere goes to 2364 to destroy the Enterprise-D and kill Picard, to prevent a Borg defeat in that time period. Seconds later, the USS Premonition arrives to destroy the sphere. Succeeding, it immediately returns to 2376 to prevent any further contamination to the timeline. Captain Picard remembers this encounter, and no further reference is heard about this encounter until 2376 where he states he has seen the ship before. The Voyager encounters the USS Equinox, another Starfleet vessel stranded in the Delta Quadrant. The Equinox crew had since broken the Prime Directive and killed several nucleogenic lifeforms for use as a fuel source to power an enhanced warp drive. The Equinox eventually deserted Voyager after stealing a new shield emitter designed to prevent the lifeforms from attacking. (VOY: “Equinox”). The USS Voyager pursues the USS Equinox and negotiates a cease fire with the nucleogenic lifeforms. The Equinox is later destroyed with only five crewmembers surviving. (VOY: “Equinox, Part II”).

2377: The Doctor is transmitted to the Alpha Quadrant in order to treat the terminally ill Doctor Lewis Zimmerman. (VOY: “Life Line”). Tom Paris is returned to the rank of lieutenant junior grade. (VOY: “Unimatrix Zero”). The Delta Flyer is destroyed by the Borg Tactical Cube 138. Captain Kathryn Janeway, Lieutenant Commander Tuvok, and Lieutenant B’Elanna Torres are assimilated by the Borg in order to assist the drones of Unimatrix Zero in their rebellion. The Borg drones capable of entering Unimatrix Zero begin a rebellion against the Collective, aided by the USS Voyager. (VOY: “Unimatrix Zero”, “Unimatrix Zero, Part II”). The Delta Flyer is rebuilt as the Delta Flyer II. Janeway consents to permit Tom Paris to use the Delta Flyer II in the Antarian Trans-stellar Rally. Paris loses the race after a plot is discovered and thwarted to sabotage the Delta Flyer for the purpose of committing an assassination. (VOY: “Imperfection”, “Drive”). Tom Paris and B’Elanna Torres are married, and take their honeymoon on the Delta Flyer. (VOY: “Drive”). B’Elanna Torres discovers she is pregnant. (VOY: “Lineage”). The flight simulation game Star Trek: Invasion occurs between Stardate 54111 and Stardate 54620. The strategy games Star Trek: Armada II and Star Trek: Away Team are also set in this year. The opening and ending of the game Star Trek: Borg is set in this year.

2378: Communications between Voyager and the Alpha Quadrant improve when real-time communication is made possible. (VOY: “Author, Author”). Neelix departs the USS Voyager to live with a group of Talaxians living in an asteroid field; he becomes the permanent Federation ambassador in the Delta Quadrant. (VOY: “Homestead”). Seven of Nine and Chakotay begin dating. (VOY: “Endgame”). A future version of Kathryn Janeway arrives from the year 2404 to aid Voyager in using the Borg transwarp network to return to the Alpha Quadrant. (VOY: “Endgame”). One of six Borg Transwarp Hubs is destroyed by the crew of the USS Voyager during her successful return trip home. The future Admiral Janeway remains in the Delta Quadrant to introduce a neurolytic pathogen into the Collective. The assault cripples the Borg and makes Voyager’s escape and use of the transwarp hub possible. (VOY: “Endgame”). Miral Paris, daughter of B’Elanna Torres and Tom Paris, is born during Voyager’s trip home. (VOY: “Endgame”). The simulation Star Trek: Bridge Commander and part of the FPS Star Trek: Elite Force II was set in this year.

2379:  NEMESIS

2379-80: Praetor Shinzon aboard the I.R.W. Scimitar faces the U.S.S. Enterprise (NCC-1701-E) , commanded by Captain Jean-Luc Picard. Aided by Commander Donatra and her ship, the I.R.W. Valdore, the Enterprise defeats the Scimitar. Sacrificing himself, Lieutenant Commander Data succeeds in destroying the vessel and its thalaron generator. The Romulan government falls into disarray following the death of Praetor Shinzon. Tal’aura is now the self-appointed Praetor of the Romulan Star Empire, supported by Fleet Commander Tomalak, but opposed by Commander Donatra.

The Remans, represented by Colonel Xiomek of the Kepeszuk Battalion, demand a new location on which Remans may settle and live independently, but are met with resistance from Tal’aura.

The above events seem to be inspired by, if not taken directly from, the A Time To… and Star Trek: Titan series of Star Trek novels. Captain William T. Riker assumes command of the U.S.S. Titan, while Beverly Crusher briefly serves as head of Starfleet Medical before returning to the Enterprise.

Stardate 56867.84: The Female Changeling that led the Dominion War is sentenced for crimes committed against sentient beings and committed to the Federation maximum security facility at Ananke Alpha.

The Federation funds the Andak project, which is met with resistance from certain xenophobic groups, but supported by governmental adviser Elim Garak. The project aims to transform the barren desert climate of Cardassia Prime into an environment that can support sufficient crops to feed its population.

It is predicted that the Cardassian Union could fall in as little as three years without more successful projects such as the Andak project.

Stardate 58370.4: Ro Laren surrenders herself to Starfleet authorities, pleads guilty to charges of desertion and defection to the Maquis, and is ordered to serve time at a penal facility on Earth.

2381: While monitoring the deteriorating state of the Romulan Star Empire, the United Federation of Planets offers humanitarian aid to both Romulus and Remus.

Xiomek allies with Ambassador Spock’s Unification movement on Romulus, seeing it as another population that has been exploited by the Romulan government. On stardate 59480.33, Spock presents a formal request for aid for the Unification movement to the Federation Council; the latter agrees to take the matter under consideration. Commander Donatra and her military forces conquer several agricultural worlds in Romulan space, declaring herself the first empress of the Imperial Romulan State. She establishes a capitol on Achernar Prime. The Bajoran Coalition, which demands the extradition of several Cardassian government and military officials to stand trial for crimes against sentient beings having taken place during the Bajoran Occupation as well as the Dominion War, requests assistance from the Federation Council and the Klingon High Council. Captain Jean-Luc Picard is appointed by Starfleet to lead the defense against the possible threat of renewed Borg activity in the Alpha Quadrant, including the possibility of a new Borg Queen being recreated. Seven of Nine is called upon to assist in the research of the uses of the technology brought back from the Delta Quadrant by the U.S.S. Voyager to combat or defend against the Borg.

Stardate 58839.03: Construction of the U.S.S. Stargazer-A commences at the San Francisco Fleet Yards. The Stargazer-A and her sister ships will be the first of a new class of starships designed for scientific research and exploration.

2382: The takeover of several agricultural planets by the Imperial Romulan State now threatens Romulus with severe food shortages, while the cessation of slave labor on Remus hampers power plant and factory output. Praetor Tal’aura reluctantly accepts food shipments from the Federation, but refuses its offer to mediate negotiations between herself and Empress Donatra, citing it as an internal Romulan matter.

Fleet Commander Tomalak, in his attempt at retaking the planets in possession of Donatra, appoints Admiral Taris as his second-in-command and orders her to re-organize and mobilize Romulus’ remaining military forces.

Tal’aura reforms the Romulan Senate, appointing her supporters as senators. She declines to respond to requests for representation from both the Unification movement and the Remans. The Line of Tellus denounces Tal’aura publically and withdraws its members from government service. The Klingon Empire takes advantage of the weakened state of Romulus by initiating strikes into Romulan space. They retake the Khitomer sector, a move criticized by the Federation Council, but defended by Ambassador K’mtok.

Councilor T’Los of Vulcan warns the Federation Council of the unpredictable outcome of a Vulcan/Romulan reunification; however, the council does not reach an official decision on whether to support the movement and votes to table the issue.

Stardate 60334.46: Admiral Owen Paris of Starfleet Research and Development orders that the U.S.S. Voyager Doctor’s mobile emitter be taken to the Starfleet facility on Galor IV for study. The Doctor files a lawsuit in response; the office of the Judge Advocate General issues an injunction against the transfer of the mobile emitter until the case can be studied further.

The Bajoran Coalition continues its urging of the extradition of several Cardassian government and military officials; however, hundreds of the aforementioned Cardassian officials seemingly vanish from Cardassia Prime, which is seen as an attempt to assist fugitives.

Ro Laren completes her sentence in the Federation penal colony and returns to Bajor. She accepts a commission in the Bajoran militia and is appointed head of security for Deep Space Nine.

2383: Praetor Tal’aura imposes limits on replicator use and food rationing on Romulus in an attempt to reserve precious resources for the support of the campaign against Empress Donatra and her Imperial Romulan State.

Rioting ensues in the capitol of Ki Baratan due to the shortages, lasting several days. Tal’aura orders several military troops to intervene, resulting as many as 2,000 deaths from either rioting or military intervention.

Tal’aura is granted several privileges by the Senate, including the ability to declare war without Senate approval.

Ambassador Spock returns to Romulus and the Unification movement, which vows to continue to “wage peace” on Romulus.

Stardate 60900.31: Fleet Commander Tomalak attacks Donatra’s fleet at Xanitla, but his forces are defeated in the battle. Admiral Taris and the twelve vessels under her command then defect to the Imperial side.

The Cardassian government signs a new agreement with the Federation, which will provide aid and relief. The reconstruction of Lakarian City begins, while a resurgence of interest in ancient lore among Cardassians is set off by several archaeological discoveries on the world. The Oralians start to hold services openly and seek followers among the population, both of which were previously outlawed by the Cardassian Union. The True Way continues to call for a return to a totalitarian state.

The Klingon Empire and the Federation are in disagreement over the morality concerning the former’s takeover of Khitomer. The Federation Council decides not to formally censure the empire for its miliary action; however, the mere fact that the Council voted on the matter is enough for Qo’noS to temporarily recall its ambassador to the Federation. Several Klingon High Council members demand that Chancellor Martok banish all Federation ambassadors from Klingon space. Martok refuses, causing Councilor Qolka to challenge him in (and subsequently lose) a duel of honor to the death. Rear Admiral James Bennett of the Starfleet Judge Advocate General’s office rules that the Data Decision is too narrow to be used in the case of the Doctor’s mobile emitter transfer request. The Doctor is found to not be the property of Starfleet, but his sentience is left for another discussion. The Doctor’s counsel appeals the decision, further prolonging the case. (See TNG: The Measure Of A Man and VOY: Author, Author)

The Soong Foundation announces that it will commence research into creating a mobile holographic emitter of its own design with the intention of adapting it for civilian use. Geordi LaForge is promoted to command the U.S.S. Challenger.

2384: Federation analysts predict that the Romulan Star Empire is vulnerable to internal and external attacks due to the shakeup in the Romulan power structure. Starfleet dispatches additional ships to the Neutral Zone border.

Praetor Tal’aura removes Tomalak from his position as proconsul. Sela is chosen to succeed him as her right hand and fleet commander. Tomalak is allowed to retire to his rural estates on Romulus.

Tal’aura reluctantly agrees to negotiations with Empress Donatra’s Imperial Romulan Senate to determine the location of a neutral zone, but rejects the Federation’s offer to mediate the talks. Admiral Taris is sent to the Romulan capitol as Donatra’s representative.

Stardate 61602.00: Tal’aura is found dead in her chambers. Tal Shiar investigations reveal that the praetor was attacked in her sleep. Many groups on Romulus are accused of the crime, including: an alliance of the noble houses; the Tal Shiar; and agents working for Empress Donatra (who denies any involvement in the murder). At Tal’aura’s funeral, Sela publicly blames the Remans and the Unification movement for the assassination.

Stardate 61829.83: The IKS Quv is attacked by a Gorn ship. Two hundred and seven Klingons perish in the battle. According to King Xrathis of the Gorn Hegemony, the warship commander was acting without orders. After Xrathis refuses to surrender the survivors of the Quv to the Klingon Empire, Chancellor Martok expels the Gorn’s diplomats from the empire and orders ships to the Klingon/Gorn border.

Bajor’s renewed application for membership within the Federation is accepted. The Ferengi open an embassy and gift shop near Quark’s on Deep Space Nine in anticipation of increased traffic and commerce resulting from Federation membership. Odo, acting as the Great Link’s ambassador to the solids, meets with Laas on Koralis III. Odo invites Laas to return with him to the Great Link, but his offer is refused, and Laas instead chooses to continue his search for more of the “hundred” changelings in the Alpha and Beta Quadrants. Starfleet transfers the Soong-type android B-4 to the custody of the Soong Foundation in the hopes that his full positronic functioning can be restored.

2385: After reevaluating all of its post-Dominion War assets and resources, Starfleet Command announces that it will re-focus various starships, changing their missions from defense and diplomacy to exploration and scientific discovery. Among the re-assigned ships is the USS Enterprise-E.

Stardate 62230.13: The Klingon Empire announces that all non-Klingons must leave Khitomer within 14 standard days as a “safety measure”. Captain Jean-Luc Picard convinces Chancellor Martok to extend the deadline and leads a contingent of ships to assist in the evacuation of former residents to Federation colonies.

Captain Picard resigns his Starfleet commission. After a brief sabbatical in France, Picard accepts a position as Federation ambassador to Vulcan.

Beverly Crusher accepts the position of captain of the USS Pasteur, an Olympic-class medical starship. Her first task is to assist with the Cardassia Prime rebuilding efforts.

Geordi LaForge requests a long-term leave of absence from Starfleet to work on personal projects, including plans to build and test his own starship designs.

Stardate 62782.91: The Soong Foundation, with the help of Geordi LaForge, unlocks the “Data matrix,” which is the entire personality and being of Data, who had transferred this information into B-4 before his death in the Battle of Bassen Rift. The Data persona takes over B-4 rudimentary programming and assists the Soong Foundation in upgrading the positronic brain and recreating Dr. Noonien Soong’s emotion chip. The foundation reports that their work will be completed in a matter of months.

Worf also resigns his commission in Starfleet, serving in a diplomatic role to ease the tensions between Klingons and the Federation. He returns to Qo’noS to become lead ambassador and begins a relationship with Grilka. The USS Enterprise-E is assigned to the Utopia Planitia shipyards for en extensive refit. The Starfleet Corps of Engineers reports that the refit will require at least one year to complete; the ship will be used as a testbed for breakthrough technology, among which is the advanced sensor array first installed on Luna-class starships, which will be retrofitted onto other classes of ships. Starfleet Command decides to dismantle its Borg task force after over two years of no Borg activity in Federation space, believing that the U.S.S. Voyager caused more damage to the Borg than initially speculated. Annika Hansen publically speaks out against this action, calling it foolish and premature and leaving her role with Starfleet in protest. She accepts an offer to continue her research at the Daystrom Institute.

2386: The new openness on Romulus has made it much easier for the Federation to get news about what is happening on that world, but not all of it is favorable for the long-term stability of the region.

Ambassador Spock reports that the Romulan Mining Guild has finished a multi-year study of Remus and has presented its findings to the Romulan Senate. The guild reports that the planet has been seriously overmined, and recommends that to avoid a Praxis situation that the Reman operations should be shut down and mining operations should be moved to more distant areas of space. The guild spreads their operations across the Empire, settling hundreds of miners and their families on space stations and colonies light years away from Romulus.

The guild further recommends that it be put in charge of all off-world mining, but Colonel Xiomek uses his new position in the Senate to block that request. The conflict between the guild and the Remans sparks a number of skirmishes between guild ships and Remans in distant areas of the Empire.

Xiomek speaks to the Senate after the mining guild presents its report and argues that if the Remans are to be moved off of Remus, that they should be given a continent on Romulus for their new home, a request that is overwhelmingly rejected by the full Senate.

With the backing of Donatra, Rehaek and Praetor Chulan, an alternative plan is reached. The Remans are instead offered the planet of Crateris, in the distant Gamma Crateris system. The site of a failed Romulan colony, the planet has a harsh climate and is beset by almost constant electrical storms but is rich in dilithium, decalithium and heavy metals. Xiomek agrees, because even the harsh climate of Crateris is a significant improvement over Remus. Thousands of Remans board colony ships and make the move to their new home.

On Stardate 63322.55, Rehaek sends a statement to the praetor and the leaders of the Romulan Senate with the conclusions of his investigation into the assassination of Praetor Tal’aura. Rehaek rules that that Tal’aura was killed by agents loyal to a coalition of noble houses angered by her reformation of the Senate. Both Donatra and Sela request to see the evidence that backs up his claims, but Rehaek refuses to divulge his complete findings. In retaliation for the death of Tal’aura, the Tal Shiar begins a campaign of assaults on the noble houses, arresting dozens of nobles and seizing their assets. Sela pushes back against the persecution of some of her major supporters, and sways the Senate to drastically cut funding to the Tal Shiar. In a speech before the Senate, Sela accuses elements inside the Tal Shiar of knowing about the plot to assassinate Tal’aura but doing nothing to stop it. “Does standing silent make them as culpable as the killers?” Sela asks. “In abandoning their sworn duty to protect the praetor, as a symbol of Romulus itself, they are no better than those who wielded the knives that killed her.”

Donatra refuses to take sides in the conflict between Sela and Rehaek, instead encouraging the praetor to handle the situation. Praetor Chulan appoints a Senate committee to formally investigate the matter, but the committee takes little action.

On Stardate 63446.41, an explosion destroys Rehaek’s home on the outskirts of Ki Baratan. Observers report several visitors to the estate in the hours before the blast, any of whom could have planted the explosives. The remains of Rehaek’s wife and young daughter and several servants are found in the wreckage, but Rehaek is missing. Investigators theorize that the blast was intense enough to have vaporized anyone close to the point of detonation. Two hours after the explosion, Tal Shiar forces storm Sela’s townhouse in Ki Baratan and take her and her personal guard into custody for the murder of Rehaek. In a secret trial held days later, Sela is sentenced to death for the crime. At the last minute, Donatra intervenes. She argues that the evidence is not overwhelming, and pressures Chulan to allow Sela and her supporters to accept permanent exile instead of death. Taris maintains a low profile during the troubles, putting many of her responsibilities in the hands of General Tebok. Late in 2386, she informs Donatra that she is going to take her ship to Levaeri V to investigate claims that a blade believed to be the Sword of the Raptor Star has been recovered. The ancient sword, reputed to be one of the swords created by Vulcan swordsmith S’harien and taken into exile by S’task, is a revered artifact of the Sundering.

The Gorn Hegemony is mourning the death of King Xrathis. His son, Crown Prince Slathis, ascends to the throne. One of his first acts is to re-enforce their border with the Klingons. Several skirmishes are reported between the two powers. The Klingons respond to the buildup by the Gorn by sending more ships of their own to the border. The standoff escalates into open conflict on Stardate 63504.74, when a Klingon fleet bombards the Gorn colony on Gila VI. Klingon troops land on the planet two days later, and after a bloody battle with Gorn defenders they succeed in taking the planet. Federation diplomats are speaking to both sides trying to work out a peaceful solution, but some analysts predict that a full war will erupt within four years. Worf makes a personal appeal to his friend Chancellor Martok to end hostilities, but he admits that it will be a long process.

All is not work for Worf, though. He weds Grilka in a traditional Klingon ceremony with his family and many of his friends from Starfleet in attendance. A surprise guest at the wedding of Worf and Grilka is Data. With his upgrades at the Soong Foundation complete, Data requests that his commission in Starfleet be reactivated. While there are some initial questions because the Data persona is in the body once used by B-4, after Jean-Luc Picard, William T. Riker and several other current and former members of the Enterprise crew testify on Data’s behalf, Starfleet Command agrees to reinstate Data. He is promoted to captain and assigned to supervise the completion of the Enterprise-E’s refit. On Stardate 63894.06, the refit of the Enterprise-E is completed and the ship, helmed by Captain Data, leaves the Utopia Planitia shipyards. “We are introducing a new era of exploration and peace,” said Starfleet Command spokesperson Commander Marie Durant. Another update by Starfleet is its uniforms. Starfleet completes a redesign of the uniform code, and by the end of the year all of its officers are wearing the new designs. On Ferenginar, protests rock the capital for two days after Grand Nagus Rom uses tax proceeds to start free schools. Many Ferengi see the free education as an assault on traditional values, and the demonstrations continue until Rom charges each protester ten slips of latnium for mass assembly without a proper permit. To get a permit to protest, Rom charges a bar of latnium. Proceeds are used to fund the educational system. In addition to working to curb the rising hostilities between the Klingons and the Gorn, Federation diplomats are hard at work crafting a new pact between the Federation and the Cardassians.

On Stardate 63976.74, the Cardassians sign a new treaty, in which they agree not to field a military or wage war. In exchange, the Federation agrees to provide aid to rebuild Cardassian cities and protection in the event of an invasion of Cardassian space. In response to the landmark agreement, the Bajoran coalition drops its request to prosecute Cardassians for war crimes. Many among the Bajorans and Cardassians hope that someday relations between them will be normalized. On behalf of the Founders, Odo meets with Lamat’Ukan, First of the Jem’Hadar in the Alpha Quadrant. Odo asks the Jem’Hadar to return to the Gamma Quadrant with him, but Lamat’Ukan rejects Odo as a false god. “You wear the shape of our gods, but you do not have their spirit,” Lamat’Ukan is reported to have said. “You are corrupted by your … taste for the life of a solid. To follow you would be to sacrifice our souls. There would be no victory under your banner. Without victory, there is no life.”

2387: The Daystrom Institute has announced the successful launch of the “Jellyfish”, an experimental spacecraft equipped with trans-metaphasic shielding designed to withstand conditions that would destroy most other ships. Designed by famed engineer Geordi LaForge, the ship is slated for extensive testing before it can be used for scientific and exploration missions. Starfleet is working with La Forge and the institute to determine which of the ship’s systems can be adapted for Federation use. Starfleet Intelligence recommends that the Federation keep a close eye on activities of the Orion Syndicate. A multi-year crackdown on criminal activity in the Alpha and Beta Quadrants has been successful in curbing the threat of the Syndicate for Federation citizens, but on Stardate 64163.8 Hassan the Undying assassinates top Syndicate boss Raimus on Farius Prime. Raimus’s death opens the door for Hassan’s employer, Melani D’ian, to take over Raimus’s Syndicate operations. Starfleet Intelligence estimates that Melani D’ian now controls as much as 30 percent of the Syndicate’s operations, and that other Syndicate bosses may seek to topple her before she seeks to expand her powerbase even more. Analysts note that Melani D’ian is the first Orion to rise to a top spot in Syndicate leadership in more than 20 years, and speculate that this could mark the return of the Orions as an interstellar power. On Ferenginar, social and economic reforms pushed by Grand Nagus Rom are a topic almost as important as the stock market. The Nagus presents a bill to the Economic Congress of Ferengi Advisers that would formally ally the Ferengi with the Federation. Opponents of the bill launch a campaign of advertisements that argue that a formal alliance with the Federation is an attack on traditional Ferengi values, and that the Federation would force the Ferengi to turn their backs on profit and the Great Material Continuum. The bill fails to pass the Congress after several lawmakers are paid to vote against it.

On Stardate 64317.6, Klingon long range sensors pick up a small Romulan fleet led by Sela. The fleet passes the Beta Stromgrem supernova remnant and continues into unexplored space. Starfleet sends a fleet to Cardassia Prime to assist the Cardassians with the dismantling of their military, a process which is expected to take several years. The Cardassians plan to use a much smaller self defense force to patrol their space, and coordinate with Starfleet for issues outside of their borders. This arrangement is soon tested when Alpha Jem’Hadar take control of Devos II, which has been mostly unpopulated since the Dominion War. The Jem’Hadar establish a base of operations near a former Dominion Ketracel White storage facility, and then expand the facility so they can manufacture their own supplies of the substance. Starfleet sends the U.S.S. Stargazer-A to the Devos system as a precautionary measure, but chooses to take no additional action as long as the Alpha Jem’Hadar make no further aggressive moves.

On Stardate 64333.4, a Romulan Mining Guild ship observes the start of a chain of events that will forever change the Alpha and Beta Quadrants. The star in the Hobus System, in the far reaches of Romulan space, begins to exhibit massive fluxuations of radiation. Days later, Ambassador Spock of the Federation appears before the Romulan Senate to warn them about the dangers of this star.

Spock believes that if the Hobus star goes supernova, it could create a reaction that would threaten much of the Romulan Empire, and he asks the Senate to coordinate with Vulcan to find a solution. After a lengthy debate, the Senate rejects Spock’s plan.

After the close of the Senate’s session, Donatra accepts an invitation from Colonel Xiomek to visit Crateris and inspect the construction of the new Reman colony. Their path allows them to perform a sensor sweep of the Hobus system. After arriving on Crateris, Donatra and Xiomek spend several hours in a private meeting, where it is believed that Xiomek gives Donatra information about possible rogue elements within the Romulan military and government. Donatra decides to return to Romulus earlier than planned, and invites Xiomek to take passage on her ship, the I.R.W. Valdore, so he can be in Ki Baratan for the next meeting of the Romulan Senate. On the way back to Romulus, Donatra contacts Admiral Taris, who is in the Levaeri System, and orders her to return to Romulus. The message is recorded by Romulan military communications relay stations, but Taris does not change course. A later review finds that there is no evidence of the message in the computer banks of Taris’s ship, and that the communications officer who would have been on duty during that time cannot be found. Ambassador Spock returns to Vulcan, where he meets with Ambassador Jean-Luc Picard. The two appeal to the Vulcan Science Academy to assist the Romulans with the crisis in the Hobus system, but the academy declines their request without comment. The two former Starfleet officers decide that they will make their own plans to deal with the situation.

On Stardate 64444.5, the IRW Valdore reports unusual stellar activity, including a disturbance equivalent to a force seven ion storm. Romulus loses contact with Donatra’s ship, and dispatches four D’deridex class warbirds to search for the Valdore. The Romulan Senate finally authorizes an evacuation order, and ships are recalled to help ferry Romulus residents off-world. Military estimates are that it will take a minimum of six weeks to evacuate the homeworld. The Romulan Senate learn of a star going supernova that poses a threat to the entire galaxy. They task Ambassador Spock to pilot a specialized ship, equipped with red matter, with the intent to engulf the supernova by creating an artificial black hole. Ambassador Spock attempted to prevent the supernova from striking the planet using red matter, but he was unsuccessful. Twenty-seven hours later, the Hobus star goes supernova. The resulting chain reaction destroys Romulus and Remus. Billions of Romulans are killed.

Starfleet immediately orders all available ships to cross the Neutral Zone and assist the Romulans with any possible relief and recovery efforts. Several of these ships are attacked by Nero, who is captaining the Narada, a heavily modified Romulan vessel. Additional cruisers are diverted to escort relief vessels to Romulan space. Intercepted Romulan transmissions indicate that Praetor Chulan and the leaders of the Senate escaped Romulus before the planet’s destruction. But the U.S.S. Nobel, en route to Romulus, find the bodies of Chulan and the Senate’s ruling council floating in space near their derelict shuttle.

After Nero expands his attacks to Klingon ships, Chancellor Martok orders a fleet to enter Romulan space. He appoints his friend Worf as one of the mission’s commanders, giving him the rank of General for the mission. Meanwhile, Geordi LaForge brings the Jellyfish to Vulcan and agrees to allow Spock to pilot it to the Hobus system. According to sensor reports recorded on Stardate 64471.6 by the USS Enterprise-E, the Hobus supernova was contained by a limited singularity, ending the threat to the quadrant. Starfleet believes that both the Jellyfish and the Narada were lost.

“He sacrificed himself to save us all,” Ambassador Picard says of his friend Spock. “May his soul live long and prosper.”

At some point before this year, Data is reincarnated in the body of B-4 when his neural nets are successfully imprinted onto B-4’s programming and becomes Captain of the USS Enterprise-E and Jean-Luc Picard becomes the Federation Ambassador to Vulcan. (Star Trek: Countdown). A mining vessel, the Narada, survived and was captained by Nero, who exploited the black hole’s creation of a time warp into the past to attack Spock’s home planet of Vulcan in revenge and planned to destroy all planets of the Federation so that Romulus could be “free” and possibly conquer everywhere else. The first part of Nero’s plan was mostly successful as Vulcan and most of the Vulcan species was destroyed. However, the Narada and its crew were destroyed in the Battle of Earth by the crew of the Enterprise led by the James T. Kirk of the new timeline. (Star Trek). A new timeline begins.

2388: Fallout from the destruction of the Romulan system dominates interstellar events in 2388.

The Romulan colony worlds reel from the loss of their home world and a vacuum in leadership. With the death of Praetor Chulan and the disappearance of Donatra, there is no one who has the authority to call the worlds to order or organize a new government. The leadership council of Rator III declares itself to be the new Romulan Senate and Rator III as the new capital of the Romulan Star Empire, but it is quickly challenged by the leaders of Achernar Prime and Abraxas V, who make similar claims.

One person many look toward to pull the Romulan people back together is Admiral Taris. She concentrates on evaluating what military forces remain, and issues a call for all remaining ships, even deep exploration vessels, to return to Romulan space. Internal squabbling and politics hinder the Federation’s relief efforts in Romulan space.

The Federation Council dispatches a fleet of ships to provide food and aid to refugees and to help the displaced survivors of the disaster find new homes, but Starfleet finds it must negotiate with each of the colony worlds. What one world welcomes, another sees as false friendship, or even an act of war. The fight between the three “capital” worlds further complicates issues, because any assistance given to one of them must be granted to all to avoid accusations of favouring one faction or attempting to interfere with the Romulans’ internal affairs. Most of the Federation’s allies agree to send ships and supplies to supplement the Romulan relief effort. Even the Cardassians, who are still struggling to rebuild their homeworld, agree to a token contribution. But the Federation’s appeal to the Klingon Empire to join the relief convoys is harshly rejected.

“The Klingons will offer no treaty, no aid, and no hand that is not holding a blade,” Chancellor Martok responds.

Hard-liners on the Klingon High Council, led by Councillor J’mpok, demand that both the Romulans and the Federation be made to pay for the destruction of the fleet led into Romulan space by Worf. Some argue that because Martok handed command of the fleet to his friend Worf, a Federation ambassador, rather than a general of the Klingon Defense Force, that the entire affair may have been a trick to weaken the empire. And that even if it was not a plot, the fact remains that hundreds of warriors died under the command of a Federation official. In some Klingon minds, that makes the Federation responsible for their deaths. Martok rejects insinuations that Worf was part of a “cowardly Federation trick” and issues a standing challenge to anyone who dares to insult the honour of a member of the House of Martok. And, despite heavy pressure from hard-liners on the Council, the chancellor ultimately refuses calls to retaliate against the Federation. Although a diplomatic crisis is averted, this is yet another strain on an alliance that has already been tested by the retaking of Khitomer and the Klingons conflict with the Gorn. Analysts report that Federation-Klingon relations are at their weakest point since the Klingons briefly withdrew from the Khitomer Accords in 2372.  Also occupying Martok’s time this year is a possible treaty with the Orions. Realizing that their home world in the Rigel System is beset with pollution and is almost completely depleted of natural resources and that Starfleet crackdowns on criminal activity are becoming a serious problem for Syndicate operations, a delegation of Orions led by Melani D’ian opens talks with both the Klingons and the Breen for possible assistance. Melani dangles the promise of Orion support and stockpiles of ancient knowledge and treasures, but refuses to commit to either side until they detail what they could offer the Orions in return. For his part, Worf remains on Qo’noS, recuperating from his injuries and fulfilling his duties as Federation ambassador to the Klingon Empire.

On ‘Stardate 65548.43, he is present for the birth of his second son, K’Dhan.

On Stardate 65776.64, the Federation News Network breaks a story that reports that the Vulcan Science Academy knew of the threat to Romulus but refused to take action to assist the Romulans before the destruction of their home world. The outcry is immediate. The Vulcans decision is condemned by dozens of politicians and analysts. Seventeen independent planets recall the ambassadors to Vulcan in protest, as do Federation members Pacifica and Zaran II. Two days later, the Federation Council votes to open an investigation into the Vulcans refusal to help the Romulans, as well as the implications of the academy’s work in red matter manipulation.

The Federation president makes a public appeal in an address to the Federation Council for the member worlds to remain calm and not ostracise Vulcan or anyone involved. “In this time of strife we need to remain united,” President Nanietta Bacco says. “Assigning blame does not heal the injured, soothe the stricken or comfort the grieving.”

2389: Infighting continues among the leaders of the Romulan colony worlds. While basic needs are being met and Starfleet is delivering supplies and replicators to every world that will accept their help, the Romulans lack a stable government and the chain of command of the military is chaotic.

Throughout the course of 2389, five Romulans try to seize the emperor’s throne, more than two dozen people declare themselves praetor, and at least a dozen more claim the role of supreme commander of the Romulan fleet. Most of these erstwhile leaders fall prey to quick assassinations. A fortunate few are simply ignored.

Federation analysts agree that the Romulan empire will remain in turmoil until there is a leader who is able to command the allegiance of the majority of the colony worlds. Federation diplomatic teams attempt to organize a conference where representatives from each of the colony worlds can take the first steps to establishing a new government and choosing leaders, but the Romulans cannot even agree on where the meeting should be held and the plan collapses.

The Klingon Empire takes advantage of the confusion with lightning strikes into Romulan space. The empire takes control of the Tranome Sar and Nequencia systems in a matter of days, and is poised to strike deeper into Romulan territory. The Klingons temporarily halt their advance when Starfleet sends a fleet to protect the Romulan/Klingon border, but tensions remain high and there are reports of minor skirmishes between Federation and Klingon starships.

The campaign to conquer Romulan space is not the only military conflict the Klingon Empire is engaged in during 2389. Their conflict with the Gorn, which had quieted after the battle for Gila IV, erupts again when the two powers struggle for control of the Gamma Orionis System. The Gorn take the advantage when King Slathis negotiates with the Nausicaans, who agree to contribute ships and weapons to the Gorn war efforts in exchange for rights to several asteroid belts and a substantial payment. The Klingons refuse to give up the fight for Gamma Orionis, winning several battles even when outnumbered, and Starfleet Intelligence reports that there are no signs that the conflict will end anytime soon.

In addition, internal strife divides the Klingon noble houses. On Stardate 66091.53, Aakan of the House of Mo’kai slays K’das, son of B’vat. The death reignites a century-long blood feud between the two houses, and B’vat throws all his efforts into hunting down every member of the House of Mo’kai. Allies of both of the noble families enter into the fight, but in the end, Aakan is the last of his house. After Aakan flees Qo’noS, he is run to ground by agents of the House of B’vat, who corner him on H’atoria on Stardate 66306.71. Two days later, B’vat defeats Aakan in ritual combat, and Chancellor Martok formally dissolves the House of Mo’kai.

The Cardassians take a major step toward self-sufficiency when they vote to replace the Reconstruction Committee with democratically-elected leaders. In the weeks leading up to the election, two groups dominate the debate: a civilian coalition with Elim Garak as a prominent member, and a hardliner group calling for the Cardassians to withdraw from the Federation-Cardassian Treaty of 2386 and reestablish the military.

Garak’s coalition wins a narrow victory, and in its first act reforms the Detapa Council as a representative body. The council faces its first controversy when it votes to send six ships as a token force to assist the Federation’s recovery efforts in Romulan space. Popular opinion is against the decision, and polls show that most Cardassians feel that they should reserve their resources. The Federation Council’s decision to cut funding for Cardassian reconstruction by 30 percent makes aid to the Romulans even less popular, and support for the council plummets.

Speaking to reporters from the shattered remains of the University of Culat, Elim Garak defended the Detapa Council’s actions. “We’ve seen what suspicion and backroom deals have brought us,” Garak said. “We know what happens when we turn our backs on the rest of the galaxy and just worry about what happens on our own street, in our own city, on our own planet. Maybe it’s time to try something different.”

One of the first industries to be restarted in Cardassian space is mining. A former member of the military, Gul Madred, acquires the rights to several-mineral rich planetoids and begins building a large mining operation in the Septimus System.

Federation President Nanietta Bacco focuses for much of 2389 on smoothing relations between Vulcan and the other worlds of the Federation. She and Ambassador Jean-Luc Picard do much to soothe the wounds caused by the revelation that the Vulcans may have known about the Hobus supernova.

On Stardate 66839.72, the Federation Council announces the results into an investigation of the Hobus supernova and the Vulcan Science Academy’s research into red matter manipulation. The council decides that the Vulcans may not have realized the full extent of the threat of the Hobus supernova, as the scope of the explosion was greater and more violent than any supernova previously recorded. In addition, the chain reaction of the detonation could not have been predicted, and the council recommends that the matter be subjected to further scientific study.

However, the council criticizes the Vulcan Science Academy for creating red matter without consulting or informing Federation authorities. In a speech before the Federation Council, Councillor T’Los of Vulcan expresses regret if any of the actions or inactions of her people have caused harm to the Federation. She announces that all of the academy’s red matter was on board the Jellyfish when it disappeared, and that the Vulcan Science Academy has pledged to do no further red matter manipulation research without the full knowledge and cooperation of the Federation Science Council. To the Romulans, she directs a single statement: “We grieve with thee.”

At the end of her address, T’Los says that is only logical to change who speaks for Vulcan, as the past year has made it clear that she has been inadequate to the task. She resigns from the Federation Council and returns home. In the courts, the case of the photonic life form known as The Doctor makes a small advancement after years of being stalled in hearings and appeals.

On Stardate 66954.79, a Federation judge rules that the lawsuit may be expanded into a class-action suit encompassing all sentient artificial lifeforms in the Federation. “This is about more than one being and a mobile emitter,” says Alyssa Cogley-Shaw, a lawyer for the Soong Foundation. “This is about basic rights.” Cogley-Shaw says that while the expansion of the lawsuit may mean that it will remain tangled in the courts for years to come, its ultimate resolution may mean an end to the forced servitude of more than 600 EMH Mark I holograms. And, as Starfleet re-equips more of its starships with holoprojectors to expand the usefulness of photonic “tools” such as the Emergency Command and Emergency Medical Holograms, someday those lifeforms may be considered Starfleet officers with all of the rights and privileges of their rank.

2390: Raids on civilian ships and settlements along the borders of the Klingon Empire and Gorn Hegemony rise dramatically and Starfleet identifies at least eight places near the borders where the Nausicaans are constructing bases hidden in asteroid belts or nebulae.

Starfleet Command does not consider these bases to be a major threat, but the Federation Transport Union, which represents a large number of civilian freighter captains, is demanding that Starfleet increase its patrols in the border regions and offer additional protections for civilian shipping traffic.

This puts Starfleet in a position of having to balance the need for defense with the Federation’s deteriorating relationship with the Klingon Empire. More starships on the border will be seen as a hostile act by the hardliners on the Klingon High Council, and tensions are already high because of the ships that Starfleet is using to reinforce the Romulan border with the Klingon Empire.

The debate on what to do rages for much of the year, and the few Starfleet vessels that are assigned to the region are stretched thin and struggling to deal with the swift raider attacks. By the time a starship can respond to a distress signal, it is often too late to catch the Nausicaan ships.

The best-case scenario for the Federation, analysts agree, is if the Klingon and Gorn find a peaceful solution before the conflict has a chance to engulf nearby worlds. To this end, the Federation offers to mediate talks between the Gorn and the Klingons at a neutral location. Neither party is overeager to accept “human” meddling in a personal dispute and preliminary talks to hash out the details of the peace conference drag on for weeks. The process comes to an abrupt halt when Chancellor Martok announces that the Klingons will not participate unless Starfleet withdraws all of its ships from the Romulan-Klingon border.

While the campaigns against the Romulans and the Gorn are both extremely popular on Qo’noS, projections by the Klingon Defense Force show that the Empire’s resources are being stretched thin by a two-front war. The KDF recommends a rapid increase in ship production, eliminating some of the blocks to non-commissioned soldiers rising to the rank of officer and possibly scaling back the Romulan war in the short term, because the disorganized, displaced Romulans are not an immediate threat. Ultimately, the Klingons decide to slow their advance into Romulan space, but they continue to garrison and defend the territory gained in the 2389 campaign.

The Romulan colony worlds are starting to develop a loose network of alliances and rivalries, but none of the potential Romulan leaders has been able to unify the worlds under one banner. Left to their own devices, some of the worlds are looking to find allies outside the Romulan Star Empire. On Stardate 67620.54, the Romulan colony of Talvath formally requests Federation protection and offers to open talks that could lead to Talvath applying for Federation membership. Some see this as the first step to the dissolution of the Romulan Star Empire.

A bright spot for the Romulans has been Admiral Taris, who has been organizing the remaining ships into a new fleet. In areas with holes in the chains of command, Taris has been approaching each ship captain personally, and outside observers expect her to have the Romulan military fully operational within seven months.

Federation analysts warn that a strong fleet could quickly overwhelm the weak leaders of the colony worlds, and that the Romulans may soon be under military control. For her part, Taris has not publically expressed an interest in governing the civilian population, and has ordered the forces under her control to concentrate on relief efforts and defense of the border regions.

On Cardassia, the Detapa Council spends most of the year mustering support for a slate of reform measures designed to expand personal freedoms and promote business development. While the population enjoys its newfound liberty and the Oralian spiritual movement flourishes, many Cardassians are uncertain about this new direction for their world. The council’s task is complicated by Gul Madred and his followers, who use the expansions in freedom of speech and assembly to organize rallies promoting a return to the “true” ways of the Cardassian Union.

A task force made up of scientists assigned to the U.S.S. Pasteur, commanded by Captain Beverly Crusher, and the Cardassian Ministry of Science announces that it has found a possible cure for Yarmin Fel Syndrome. The compound, synthesized from a rare flower that grows in the most remote areas of Cardassia Prime, cannot be replicated. Because of the limited supply of the drug, it may be several years before the treatment has been fully tested and is ready for public use.

On Earth, the Federation Supreme Court agrees to hear oral arguments from a group of holonovel publishers and programmers who are seeking to block the class-action lawsuit asking for civil rights for holograms. The group hires a retired Starfleet rear admiral, Phillipa Louvois of the Judge Advocate General’s office, to lead their case, and she argues that appearing sentient does not automatically mean a hologram is sentient. Unless the holograms can be determined to be intelligent and self aware, the Acts of Cumberland and the Federation Constitution do not offer them full protection.

The Soong Foundation argues that without full holoemitter technology, it cannot bring witnesses to court to speak in their own defence, and that court rules preclude remote testimony in matters such as this. The justices grant the Soong Foundation a delay.

The U.S.S. Enterprise-E returns from a survey of the McAllister C-5 Nebula. Captain Data reports that the Enterprise found residual signs of multiple quantum singularities in the area of the nebula that correspond to those used by a Delta Quadrant race known as Species 8472 to cross over from fluidic space. Unfortunately, the properties of the protostellar nebula in which the singularities were found make definitive identification impossible. If these singularities were used by Species 8472, it is the first sign of them near Federation space.

2391: Raids by Nausicaan pirates continue to disrupt shipping lines on the edges of Federation space. Angry at what they perceive as a lack of response by Starfleet and the Federation government, the Federation Transport Union recommends that its members refuse any official cargos without adequate protection.

This causes a crisis for the Federation government. With so many Starfleet vessels assigned to Romulan and Cardassian relief efforts, the government has been relying heavily on civilian ships for routine deliveries to Federation worlds and protectorates. But the union’s action threatens everything from shipments of replicators to Alpha Centauri to emergency medical supplies destined for Rutia IV.

Federation President Nanietta Bacco meets personally with the leaders of the transport union, but the union refuses to budge on what it says is an essential safety issue – too many ships and too many crews have been lost to Nausicaan raids. Presidential aides suggest that Starfleet vessels assigned to exploration and science missions could be rerouted to border defense, but many of those ships are in deep space and it could take them months to return.

Starfleet Command reluctantly agrees to pull back from the Klingon-Romulan border and reassign those ships to patrol the shipping routes. Leaders of some of the Romulan colony worlds howl with indignation that the Federation has broken promises of protection, but those voices are silenced after a sharp rebuke from Admiral Taris. “We are Romulan. We fight our own battles. I would rather see Romulans die with pride in their hearts and swords in their hands instead of mewing for protection like scared younglings.”

With the Federation withdrawn from the Romulan border, Chancellor Martok agrees to honor his promise to participate in Federation-mediated peace talks with the Gorn. Representatives from the Klingons, Gorn and Nausicaans converge on Deep Space K-7 for the conference, and the Federation sends some of its most celebrated diplomats to facilitate the talks.

Initial progress appears promising, but two days into the conference an explosive device hidden in a serving cart seriously injures Ambassador Zogozin of the Gorn. The Klingon, Gorn and Nausicaan delegations make plans for immediate departure, but are blocked from leaving the station by Starfleet security, which locks down the station during the hunt for Zogozin’s attacker.

Two days after the attack, J’dah, a Klingon with ties to extremist groups opposed to Martok’s rule, is found dead. Security officers determine that J’dah was killed by a disruptor blast at close range and shoved out an airlock hours after the explosion that injured Zogozin. If J’dah’s body had not snagged on a piece of the station, it may have been lost. Forensic evidence proves that J’dah was the person who planted the explosive that injured the Gorn ambassador, but his killer is not found. Journals left behind in J’dah’s quarters indicate that his intended target may have been the Federation negotiation team, who all escaped unscathed.

After the attack, talks between the Klingons and Gorn break down. The Klingons push their advance into Gorn territory, and the Gorn, mindful of the need to protect their homeworld, move ships away from their outlying territories. King Slathis approaches the Letheans for additional assistance, but most outside analysts believe that the Gorn do not have the spare resources to hire Lethean mercenaries and still pay the prices commanded by the Nausicaans for their support.

With the withdrawal of Federation ships from the Klingon-Romulan border, hardliners on the Klingon High Council push for a resumption of the stalled Romulan campaign. Martok and his followers urge caution, preferring to concentrate on the Gorn war and building up the Klingon Defense Force to pre-Dominion War levels.

Rebuffed by Martok, Councilor J’mpok gathers ship commanders loyal to his house and the houses of his allies and invades the Zeta Pictoris System. They clash with a Romulan fleet commanded by Admiral Taris, and the Romulans force the Klingons to retreat. Survivors of the battle report the appearance of highly advanced starships on the Romulan side, but their existence cannot be confirmed. Martok orders Klingon Intelligence to look into the reports in more detail, and the choS battle group is dispatched to investigate.

Federation political analysts say that while the Klingon hardliner’s campaign in the Zeta Pictoris system was a failure, J’mpok’s point was made: If Martok is unwilling to lead the Klingons into battle there are others who will do so. The High Council begins to divide between those who are loyal to Martok and those who would prefer new leadership.

Taris’ victory in the Zeta Pictoris system rallies the Romulans, who have been desperately seeking a sign of their former glory. Rator III is the first to proclaim Taris as the leader of the Romulan Star Empire, quickly followed by Achernar Prime and more than a dozen other worlds. In an address broadcast throughout the empire, Taris says “I am a military commander, and I would prefer to remain so. The seas of politics are rife with submerged hazards and hidden perils, and a wise person does well to avoid them. But my Empire calls and I cannot resist her plea.” Taris calls on the leaders of the colony worlds to meet at Rator III to select representatives for a new Romulan Senate and make plans to organize a government and build a new capitol.

A Federation operative inserted into the fleet that departed Romulan space with Sela in 2386 has reported that Sela and her followers have landed on Makar, an M-class planet in the Beta Quadrant with abundant supplies of decalithium and heavy metals. A humanoid race with technology equivalent to Earth’s Iron Age inhabited two of Makar’s temperate southern continents, but Sela sees the population as an additional natural resource, and within weeks her forces have hundreds of Makarans working in the mines.

The operative also reports that Sela’s ship picked up a signal that was similar to the artificial quantum singularities that the Romulans use to power their warp drives, as well as signs of a massive gravitational field. Sela has dispatched two ships to investigate these anomalies.

The Cardassian Detapa Council scores a major victory when it concludes negotiations with Ferengi Grand Nagus Rom for assistance in rebuilding their industrial complexes. Rom will provide the funding to rebuild factories, design houses and replication facilities, as well as returning several valuable jevonite artifacts sacred to followers of the Oralians to the Cardassian Ministry of Culture. In return, Rom receives exclusive trade agreements for Cardassian trade goods once the factories reopen. While Rom is mocked by many Ferengi for his lack of lobes when it comes to business, if the deal succeeds it could be one of the most lucrative arrangements in recent memory.

On Earth, the Federation Supreme Court rules in favor of Phillipa Louvois and the holonovel publishers and programmers she represents, saying that the Acts of Cumberland would not apply to non-sentient holographic or artificial lifeforms. They return the Soong Foundation’s class action suit to a lower court to determine what defines sentience in a legal sense. Not content with pursing its agenda in the courts, the Soong Foundation launches a campaign to lobby Federation worlds to add rights for artificial life forms to the Federation Constitution.

Responding to the possibility of Species 8472 appearing in Federation space, Starfleet Command assigns a task force to investigate any possible appearances of the race. A skilled team of scientists, diplomats and security experts will be looking into any signs that the species is in the Alpha Quadrant and formulating possible plans of action. As a start to their research, the team is conducting extensive interviews of the crew of the Enterprise-E, which found the anomalies in the McAllister C-5 Nebula, and former crew members of U.S.S. Voyager, which is the only Starfleet ship known to have definitive contact with the mysterious aliens.

And, citing the success of the extremely diverse crews of the U.S.S. Titan and her sister ships, Starfleet assigns a committee to consider expanding the admission standards at Starfleet Academy to provide more opportunities for races that are formally allied with the Federation but are not full member worlds. “Not everyone knows a Starfleet captain and can get a personal recommendation,” said spokesperson Marie Durant. “That doesn’t mean they wouldn’t be fine officers.”

2392: News of the race for Federation President dominates news nets for much of the year. President Nanietta Bacco declines to run again, stating that while she didn’t feel right leaving office during the Romulan crisis, “I’ve been here too long. We need new blood and new ideas.”

The popular Bacco doesn’t endorse a successor, throwing the field open to dozens of potential candidates. Jaed Maz of Trill is frequently mentioned by political commentators, as are Federation Councillors Soron of Vulcan and Kevin Steiner of Terra Nova. Candidates from Bajor, Andoria and Sauria are seen as outside choices.

However, Soron and Charivretha zh’Thane of Andoria never become formal candidates and Steiner abandons his campaign two months before the election after his ties to the Orion Syndicate are exposed by the Federation News Service. The remaining hopefuls engage in a fierce campaign in which top issues are aid to the Cardassians and Romulans, the increasing conflicts with the Klingon Empire and whether Starfleet should be expanded to respond to the increasing threats to Federation citizens.

Ultimately, Aennik Okeg of Sauria is elected in a close vote over Jaed Maz, with Bajoran Shad Ona in third place. Okeg, the first Saurian ever to hold the Federation presidency, begins his term by offering Maz and Shad places in his cabinet in an effort to promote unity among supporters of his competitors.

Okeg’s first state trip takes him to Cestus III, where the Klingon Empire has agreed to a new round of Federation-moderated talks aimed at ending their war with the Gorn. While the Federation diplomatic team, led by Alexander Rozhenko, hopes that a successful cease fire agreement will open the door to expand the summit to deal with Klingon-Federation trade and defense agreements that are set to expire in 2394, it quickly becomes obvious that neither the Klingons nor the Gorn are willing to budge on their demands.

Three weeks into the talks, representatives for the Klingons and Gorn are still haggling over the official agenda for negotiations, and even a personal appeal to Chancellor Martok by Federation Ambassador Worf has failed to speed up the process. The Federation Council meets in emergency session to debate of possible incentives the Federation could offer the Gorn and Klingons, but all peace efforts collapse on Stardate 69259.56 when a Gorn and Nausicaan fleet attacks the Klingon world of Ogat.

Fighting rages around Ogat for more than two weeks before Klingon Defense Forces push the Gorn and Nausicaans out of the system. The Klingons denounce the attack as dishonorable and Martok formally pulls the Empire out of all peace negotiations. Klingon and Gorn ships now attack one another on sight, and when the U.S.S. Montana tries to intervene in one skirmish it is heavily damaged by Klingon disruptor fire.

Hardliners on the Klingon High Council, led by J’mpok, demand even more aggressive action against the Gorn, calling for an invasion into the Gorn Hegemony. When Martok councils caution, preferring to keep the Gorn out of Klingon space until a new fleet of warships can be launched, J’mpok denounces him as a “weak old man, hiding in his bed instead of meeting all challengers on the field of battle.”

Federation political analysts expect the schism on the High Council to come to a head some time in the next three years, and look with concern at the growing support for J’mpok and his hawk-like agenda. One of the major houses openly supporting J’mpok is the House of Torg, a former ally of the House of Duras. In fact, Torg’s adopted heir, Ja’rod, is the son of Lursa, Duras’s sister and an open foe of the Federation who was killed attacking the Enterprise-D in 2371.

Ja’rod, who was on Ogat when it was attacked by the Gorn, survives the battle and enters training with the Klingon Defense Force on Stardate 69637.18.

In Cardassia Prime, the Detapa Council enacts a series of reform measures designed to promote population growth and economic stability. Benefits are offered to families with more than one child, and thousands of soldiers displaced when the Cardassian military was disbanded are provided with retraining and placement into Cardassia’s burgeoning civilian industries. Many former military officers end up employed by Gul Madred in his mining interests on Septimus.

Madred’s mines are operating at such a high capacity that he begins exporting kelindide and uridium through Ferengi brokers. His first major buyer is the Romulans, who are desperate to rebuild ships and expand colonies and need additional resources.

One of the Romulans’s construction projects is Rihan, a new capital city being constructed on Rator III. The first building completed is used to house meetings of the Romulan Colonial Organizational Committee, which was formed under the directions of Admiral Taris.

The committee lays some initial groundwork for a new government, but is beset by the in-fighting and factionalization that has plagued the Romulans since the destruction of their homeworld. A group of moderates suggests that the Romulans need a single figure to focus their energies and cites historical records of Romulan rulers. Reminders of Donatra declaring herself empress of a breakaway state trouble some members of the committee, but Admiral Taris indicates that she would support the revival of the monarchy. However, Taris says that any move to crown a ruler must be made by the Romulan people.

2393: Romulan Star Empire: A conflict sparks between Taris and Tebok about the allocation of ships and which regions of the Romulan Star Empire to protect. Tebok is willing to sacrifice what he considers unimportant territory. A portion of the Romulan Colonial Organization Committee is persuaded by Tebok’s strategy to give up far away border colonies to better protect Romulan core worlds. They believe that the long-term benefits outweigh the short-term losses.

Klingon Empire: J’mpok becomes Chancellor of the Klingon High Council. He becomes Chancellor of the Klingon High Council by killing Martok in an honor duel. Melani D’ian, leader of the Orion Syndicate, signs an alliance with J’mpok and the Klingon Empire. As a gift she sends 1,500 women to be servants to the Klingon Great Houses.

Cardassian Union: Natima Lang strikes a deal with the Remans to obtain more Dilithium. The Cardassian economy begins to export across the Alpha and Beta Quadrants. Gul Madred contacts the Alpha Quadrant Jem’Hadar to protect his mining operations, claiming the Cardassian Self Defense Force cannot grant security.

Federation: Starfleet refuses to release over the Hologram known as “Moriaty”. The Soong Foundation files a suit. Bajor and Tamaria join the Federation. An institute for linguistic research is built on El-Adrel IV, where Federation and Tamarian scientists will conduct further studies. After more than a century, the U.S.S. Stargazer-A again makes contact with the Metron Consortium. The Metrons still do not consider the younger races to be ready. However they do recognize their progress.

2394: The Romulan Colonial Organization Committee finishes the constitution draft. The idea of a Romulan monarchy is rejected, but the vote is close. Instead, a new Romulan Senate is to be established in Rihan on Rator III, being the most powerful of the new institutions. Taris is offered to become the new Praetor, second to the Senate. The colonists of Rhi III vote against rejoining the Star Empire and begin a struggle for independence. The Orions and Klingons sign a mutual defense and non-aggression pact on Ter’jas Mor. Also the Orions gain access to Klingon worlds in exchange for technology and intelligence information. Ter’jas Mor becomes the new home world of the Orions as a vassal state in the Klingon Empire. They evacuate their original home planet in the Rigel System. 1,500 Orion women are sent to the Great Houses on Qo’noS as a gift to celebrate the Ter’jar Mor alliance. The Doctor is ruled to be a sentient life-form by the Federation Supreme Court and therefore has a right to his Mobile Holographic Emitter. The ruling also lays down a set of conditions under which an artificial life-form is considered an sentient being. Alexander Rozhenko resign as Federations ambassador and leaves reportedly to the monastery on Boreth.

2395: Klingon Empire: Ja’rod thwarts an attempt by the Undine to kill and replace him. Ja’rod, the leader of the Klingon House of Duras, is attacked by three members of an unknown shape-shifting alien race during his shore leave on Rha’darus. He kills two of them and manages to incapacitate the third for further interrogation. The shape-shifter admits he has been sent to kill and subsequently impersonate Ja’rod to infiltrate the Klingon High Command.

Federation: To allow Starfleet further examination of the Mobile Holographic Emitter, the Doctor accepts an assignment on Galor IV. The U.S.S. Kelso is destroyed in an accident, involving Starfleet’s experiments on cloaking technology. As a result, the relationships to the Romulan and Klingon empires deteriorate.

On P’Jem the 225th anniversary of the reconstruction of the monastery is celebrated. The structure was rebuilt by Andorians, Humans and Vulcans in the late 22nd century.

2396: Romulan Star Empire: A Bloodfire epidemic ravages on Kevratas. Taris orders a three-month full quarantine in the midst of planetary winter. This world is left alone with the lethal, but if treated in a timely fashion, cureable, disease. In the Dopterians Sela finds a way to trade Decalithium to rebuild her forces.

Klingon Empire: Ja’rod kills his commanding officer Captain Klor of the I.K.S. Kang, who had refused to investigate the full extend of the Undine infiltration. Thus, Ja’rod becomes captain of the Kang.

The Nausicaans destroy three Klingon outposts. The KDF responds to the surprise attack by annihilating the Nausicaan starbase in the Orelius IX asteroid belt.

Cardassian Union: The Detapa Council finds out about at least 75 warships from the Dominion War and an indeterminable number of weapons having gone missing.

Federation: Starfleet Intelligence seals all records regarding the events aboard the U.S.S. Cochrane. Captain T’Vix and two other senior officers had been relieved of their duties. The Cochrane was supposed to monitor the Neutral Zone border.

2397: Romulan Star Empire: Since Kevratas feels abandoned by the Romulan Star Empire, it declares its independence. Preator Taris orders Tebok, head of the Romulan military, to forcefully end the insurrection. Tebok refuses and instead brings a Kevratas delegation to Rator III to present their case to the Romulan Senate. A settlement is reached, but Taris tries to discharge Tebok as Romulan military leader. The Senate overrules her, Tebok stays in command.

Klingon Empire: Hassan the Undying returns to the original Orion home world in the Rigel System and establishes his main base of operations. A third round of peace talks between the Gorn Hegemony and Klingon Empire begins. J’mpok has to face a lot of opposition in the Klingon High Council and is hesitant to agree. The majority of the council favors a declaration of war instead. The I.K.S. Kang is investigating Undine infiltration on a covert mission in Gorn space. In a move to strengthen his position, J’mpok agrees to ally his House with the House of Duras. Thus J’mpok has a majority of Houses to rely on for implementing his politics. The legitimacy of the House of Duras is restored in the process.

Federation: The new Chief Engineer of the U.S.S. Enterprise-E is Nog, son of Grand Nagus Rom, recommended by now Captain Geordi La Forge of the U.S.S. Challenger.

2398: Romulan Star Empire: Velal, an open critic of Praetor Taris, is promoted to command the Romulan Second Fleet by military leader Tebok.

Klingon Empire: Toral sabotages the peace talks between the Gorn Hegemony and the Klingon Empire. K’mtok, the Klingon Ambassador, is killed. The incident is investigated by the U.S.S. Enterprise and I.K.S. Gorkon. Toral is part of a group of hardliners, intent on destabilizing Chancellor J’mpok’s regime in favor of a new government willing to declare war against the Gorn.

Dominion: Laas and two other changelings join the Alpha Quadrant Jem’Hadar on Devos II.

Federation: Starfleet Academy accepts Miral Paris’ application. Legislation for dual citizenship is approved by the Federation Council. This allows many residents from worlds not members of the Federation to vote without severing ties with their respective home worlds. The Ferengi geologist Rhea, who is living on Earth, is the first alien to be granted dual citizenship in this fashion. The Soong Foundation and others lobby to extend citizen rights to artificial life-forms as well. Naomi Wildman becomes the new helmsman on the U.S.S. Hathaway. Presidential elections renew Aennik Okeg’s tenure for a second term.

2399: The Federation Council condemns the Klingon invasion of Gorn space. In response, the Klingons withdraw from the Khitomer Accords and their alliance with the Federation. The first links of the Federation transwarp network open. The I.K.S. Kang returns to Qo’noS with evidence showing that Undine infiltrators are controlling the Gorn Hegemony and that they are responsible for the conflict with the Klingon Empire.

With proof of the Undine infiltration of the Gorn Hegemony in hand, J’mpok declares war on the Gorn.

A combined Orion and Klingon fleet invades Gorn space and clashes with a Gorn and Nausicaan fleet protecting their key worlds.

2400: Admiral Taris is named Praetor of the new Romulan Star Empire. Worf makes a personal appeal to the Federation Council and Starfleet for Federation support of the Klingon fight against the Undine infiltration of the Alpha Quadrant. When he is rebuffed, he cuts ties with the Federation. The Federation Council formally declares the Klingon war against the Gorn illegal.

2401: Councilor Konjah of the Klingon High Council is revealed to be an Undine after he is attacked by Lethean Mercenaries. The members of the House of Konjah are killed or forced into hiding.

2402: A group of Romulan officers opposes the rule of Preator Taris and made contact with Sela, offering her their support for a rebellion. Klingon pilgrims attempt to kidnap Miral Paris and take her to fill her role as the Klingon Kuvah’Magh.

2403: Sela leads a Romulan and Hirogen fleet to Rator III. When Preator Taris is found to be missing, Sela assumes control of the Romulan Star Empire.

2404: The Klingons reinforced their claim to the Hromi Cluster, which was under Federation control. They demanded that all Federation assets, settlements and people be removed from the cluster within three months. J’mpok informs the Federation that he is invoking ancient claims to the Archanis Sector, and that all Federation citizens must leave.

The Gorn Hegemony surrenders to the Klingons. The Klingons publicly execute more than a dozen Undine infiltrators in the Gorn government and military.

2405: Norvo Tigan (the younger brother of Ezri Tigan and Janel Tigan, and the son of Yanas Tigan. He and Ezri had a close relationship; he even used her childhood nickname, ‘Zee’, when addressing her. He was not nearly as close to the rest of his family) is scheduled to be released from prison. (DS9: “Prodigal Daughter”).

2409: The computer game Star Trek Online is set: The Federation and the Klingon Empire are once again at war. The rise of a new Chancellor, J’mpok, sees the Khitomer Accords torn up, and an aggressive campaign of Klingon expansion underway. The Romulans, directionless and adrift after the destruction of their homeworld in 2387, continue to intrigue amongst themselves – a conflict which inevitably draws the Federation in to the machinations of the once-proud Star Empire. The Cardassians, still recovering from the Dominion War, stir up trouble near Deep Space 9, as does a resurgent Terran Empire.

And, after a period of relative inactivity, the Borg have begun to encroach on the Alpha Quadrant once more, starting with an attack on the Vega colony. At the same time, the Undine, aggrieved at what appear to be incursions into fluidic space by Alpha Quadrant powers, have begun infiltrating the major powers and driving them to conflict.

2410: The Nexus is scheduled to return to Federation space. (Star Trek Generations)

2415: The message sent by the USS Enterprise-D from the M-33 Galaxy in 2364 will be within receiving range of Starfleet. (TNG: “Where No One Has Gone Before”)

2415: In 2378, the crew of the USS Voyager expected they would reach Federation space in this year on stardate 92690.8 (VOY: “Endgame” display graphic)

2446: In 2371, at the very beginning of their journey home, this was the year the crew of the Voyager expected they would reach the Federation. (VOY: “Caretaker”)

2468: Jadzia Dax predicted that Miles O’Brien would die peacefully in bed this year surrounded by family and friends. (DS9: “To the Death”)

2472: According to Q, around this year, Humans will be in the Delta Quadrant. (VOY: “Death Wish”)

2500: A trip occurs on time.

2850: The Federation deploys temporary warehouses to stop violations in time.

 

StarTrek Timeline 2

StarTrek Timeline 2

 

______________________________

Fontes:

Memory-alpha.org;

Startrekonline.com;

Sto.gamepedia.com;

Universostartrek.com.

 Comando USS Orbiter A, Abr 2014.

Fanfilm Star Trek Axanar decola

Fanfilm Star Trek Axanar decola com ajuda dos fãs

 .

Richard HatchEnquanto o estúdio parece não estar animado para lançar uma nova série de Jornada na TV, produções independentes baseadas no universo da franquia estão seguindo de vento em popa. Destaque para o mais novo projeto chamado Star Trek Axanar, que recentemente estabeleceu um novo recorde em sua campanha de arrecadação de fundos para o início da produção. A série terá a participação do ator Richard Hatch (Apollo e Tom Zarek de Battlestar Galactica).

Com o cancelamento da série Enterprise em 2005, a Paramount resolveu dar um tempo nas produções de séries de Jornada para a televisão e, até o momento, não deu indicações se irá fazer isso no futuro próximo. Mas os fanfilms, aproveitando esse vácuo, continuam sendo uma boa opção para entretenimento dos fãs e continuam crescendo de forma inédita. Alguns tem merecido destaque na mídia.

starship farragutA equipe da Farragut Films, localizada na Geórgia, tem produzido sua webserie há quase uma década. A série Starship Farragut é baseada nas aventuras da nave classe Constitution USS Farragut, sob o comando do capitão Emilio Alvarez (John Broughton), durante o período da série original. Alguns convidados especiais já se uniram ao elenco como Chris Doohan, Chase Masterson, Tim Russ, Vic Mignogna. Esta semana eles lançaram seu quinto episódio “Conspiracy of Innocence” com a participação de Christine Jefferies, sobrinha do famoso designer de Matt Jefferies.

Os produtores da Farragut não querem parar por aí. Os planos para um novo spin-off definido na era do filme Star Trek II: A Ira de Khan estão em andamento. O novo spin-off chamado de Farragut Forward vai incluir alguns personagens da Starship Farragut. As filmagens do primeiro episódio estão em andamento e está previsto para começar em abril. Para isso novos sets estão sendo construídos na área de Washington.

ST continuesStar Trek Continues é outro projeto de fãs baseado no universo da série original. Três empresas se uniram para esse fim: Far From Home LLC, FarragutFilms e DracoGen. Os criadores procuram recriar o estilo da série original, nos sets, fotografia, figurino, continuando com as histórias da Enterprise após o fim da terceira temporada na TV. Chris Dooham, filho de James Dooham, é membro do elenco regular fazendo o papel de seu pai, o engenheiro Scott.

Lançada em maio de 2013, a série já produziu três episódios e tudo isso ao custo de um fundo baseado através de arrecadação pelo kickstarter (exceto o primeiro episódio que foi totalmente bancado por conta própria). A campanha continua e tem sido um sucesso, com os fãs apostando no projeto. Todo esse esforço foi premiado recentemente no The Geekie Awards 2014, como Melhor Webserie.

Mas a sensação do momento é o longa-metragem Star Trek Axanar, que mostrou um video de 20 minutos durante a San Diego Comic-Con em julho deste ano.

axanar uss aresO curta (na forma de documentário), intitulado Star Trek Prelude to Axanar, está disponível na internet e serve como amostra no Kickstarter para sua campanha de angariação de fundos lançada recentemente para a produção deste longa-metragem de 90 minutos. Enquanto que o curta levou dois dias e custou 75.000 dólares, o filme levará cerca de 20 dias de filmagens e custará cerca de 650.000 dólares.

Surpreendentemente, a campanha no Kickstarter já quintuplicou seu objetivo que era arrecadar 100.000 dólares iniciais. “Todos nós trabalhamos na indústria e todos nós queremos melhorar o nosso currículo. Estamos tentando criar algo que seja inovador, que as pessoas venham a ficar fascinadas por ele, quando estiver tudo feito”, disse o produtor Alec Peters que chegou a fazer Garth na webserie “Star Trek Phase II”.

Segundo ele, seu longa vai marcar uma nova era na onda de filmes feitos por fãs sobre a franquia. Com a participação pesada de atores da ficção científica e membros do passado de Jornada, sejam atores ou equipes de produção, Peters disse que seu projeto tem bastante experiência, história e gráficos para competir com os filmes convencionais de Hollywood feitos por milhões de dólares.

Peters ficou fascinado com Axanar cerca de 25 anos atrás, depois que ele assistiu a reprise do episódio da terceira temporada ” Whom Gods Destroy”.

Essa é a história que ele e seus colaboradores estão tetando contar de algum do seu material, como alguns fatos sobre a batalha e o livro de Garth que se tornou leitura obrigatória na Academia da Frota Estelar.

“Axanar” acontece 21 anos antes dos eventos da série original, quando Garth de Izar, o capitão da Frota Estelar e sua tripulação enfrentam a guerra de quatro anos contra o Império Klingon. A vitória de Garth em Axanar solidificou a Federação e permitiu tornar-se a organização que conhecemos na época de Kirk.

Dentre o elenco, Richard Hatch recebe destaque. Ele interpreta o general Klingon no filme e no curta ele aparece durante um teste de maquiagem.

Peters disse que se aproximou de Richard Hatch, por ter sido o primeiro professor de interpretação há 20 anos. Hatch concordou em ser Kharn, o comandante Klingon supremo, e outros atores rapidamente seguiram seu exemplo.

Também ligados ao projeto estão Michael Hogan (coronel Tigh, Galática), JG Hertzler (Martok), Gary Graham (S0val), Tony Todd (irmão de Worf) e Kate Vernon (Ellen Tigh, Galática). Peters vai reprisar o papel de Garth neste projeto.

Outros personagens conhecidos de Jornada também terão participação no filme como o capitão Robert April, Sarek, Richard Robau, Chang.

Star Trek Axanar tem previsão de lançamento para o início de 2015.

Nota: O site Kickstarter acaba de finalizar a campanha de arrecadação nesta segunda-feira, tendo obtido a quantia de 638.471 dólares, um recorde absoluto para um fanfilm. Este valor chega praticamente na meta estabelecida para produção do filme.

Alec Peters - Capitão Garth da USS Ares

Tony Todd  - Almirante Ramirez

JG Hertzler - capitão Samuel Travis

Fonte: TB

Agora, veja o Teaser [com legendas em português]:

Desafio do balde de gelo em Jornada

Atores de Jornada no desafio do balde de gelo

 .

spiner geloNas últimas semanas, vídeos com celebridades internacionais recebendo um banho de água com gelo sobre a cabeça virou febre nas redes sociais. No chamado “Desafio do Balde de Gelo”, eles desafiam três amigos a fazer o mesmo ou a doar recursos para entidades ligadas à esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ALS), uma doença degenerativa para a qual não existe cura. Alguns atores de Jornada entraram nessa campanha.  William Shatner, Goerge Takei, Brent Spiner, Gates McFadden deram o pontapé inicial. Quem serão os próximos?

O “Desafio do Balde de Gelo” vem acontecendo em torno da web para arrecadar dinheiro para ALS (também conhecida como doença de Lou Gehrig). A regra é simples: doar dinheiro para a Associação ALS e/ou filmar a si mesmo jogando um balde de água gelada na cabeça, e desafiando seus amigos a fazer o mesmo (a maioria das pessoas fazem as duas coisas).

O presidente da Amazon, Jeff Bezos, desafiou três celebridades de Jornada: William Shatner, Patrick Stewart, e George Takei. Isso abriu caminho para mais celebridades de Jornada fazerem o mesmo, como o Brent Spiner que foi desafiado pelo ator Ramom de Ocampo.

Desafiado por Jeff Bezos (que considera-os seus heróis de infância), Shatner e Takei aceitaram. Patrick Stewart ainda não se manifestou.

Cumprido o desafio, Shatner desafiou mais três: o ator Tom Bergeron, os cantores Wynonna Judd e Josh Groban. Já Takei passou o desafio para “alguns dos grandes nomes da ciência e da ficção científica”: o astronauta Buzz Aldrin, o astrofísico Neil deGrasse Tyson, e o ator Sir Ian McKellen (Magneto).

Brent Spiner (Data), desafiado por seu amigo Ramon de Ocampo, completou a tarefa no domingo e prontamente enviou o convite para Armin Shimerman (Quark) e sua esposa Kitty Swink, além de Gates McFadden (Dra. Crusher), acrescentando Spiner que “gostaria de ver seu cabelo molhado”.

Ostentando uma peruca loira e um sotaque francês, McFadden respondeu ao desafio de Spiner, dizendo “Meu nome é Gates McFadden e eu estou aqui para aceitar o desafio de meu ex-amigo Brent Spiner, porque ele queria ver o meu cabelo molhado”, disse brincando com seu cabelo falso.

McFadden, que admitiu que o próprio pai morreu de ALS, passou a desafiar Mark-Paul Gosselaar, seu amigo Larry Moss e o capitão Jean-Luc Picard, Sir Patrick Stewart (ela não sabia que ele já havia sido desafiado).

“Eu só quero ver como você se parece com seu cabelo molhado”, disse ela, brincando com Stewart.

Há poucos dias, o “Desafio do Balde de Gelo” passou a ser adotado por várias celebridades, num total de, até o momento, 27, inclusive brasileiros como Neymar, Ivete Sangalo e Gisele Bündchen. Outros que já participaram: J. J. Abrams, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg (fundador do Facebook),  Ben Stiller, Conan O´Brien, Steven Spielberg, Lady Gaga, Selena Gomez, Justin Bieber. A família Kennedy tomou um banho gelado coletivo e sua matrona Ethel Kennedy de 86 anos desafiou o presidente Barak Obama a fazer o mesmo ou doar. Obama comunicou que vai doar dinheiro para a entidade.

Veja suas reações surpreendentes.

abrams gelo

takei gelo

mcfadden

gisele

Neymar

Fonte: TB

Série Capitão Worf precisa ajuda

Dorn pede ajuda dos fãs para a série Capitão Worf

 .

worfMuito tem sido discutido a respeito de Jornada retornar a TV. Bryan Fuller, Jonathan Frakes, Ronald Moore e Bryan Singer já se manifestaram favoráveis a uma nova série. E ao que parece, eles não são os únicos com esse sonho. Michael Dorn também está tomando iniciativa para reprisar seu papel em um spinoff criado por ele e provisoriamente intitulado Star Trek: Captain Worf. Na última convenção, Dorn falou sobre esse projeto, explicando o que os fãs podem fazer para ajudar.

Dorn desempenhou o papel de Worf por 11 anos na televisão em A Nova Geração e Deep Space Nine. Os rumores e relatos sobre um possível spinoff com o personagem Worf começaram a circular no início do ano passado.

“Eu vim com essa ideia, porque eu amo Worf e acho que ele é um personagem que não foi completamente desenvolvido e não foi plenamente realizado. Depois que eu comecei a pensar sobre isso, tornou-se óbvio para mim que eu queria, pelo menos, colocá-lo lá fora. A resposta tem sido incrível”, disse Dorn em 2013, quando anunciou sua intenção de fazer uma série.

Apesar de toda a sua animação com este projeto, Dorn admitiu que há certamente alguns obstáculos a superar antes que ele possa seguir em frente.
“Além disso, há toda a coisa política acontecendo com os novos filmes, com J.J. Abrams e a Paramount, que eu não tenho ideia sobre o que está acontecendo”.

“O roteiro que eu escrevi está feito e eu estou no processo de finalizá-lo e enviá-lo para as pessoas que eu confio, que se preocupam, que são muito inteligentes … e podem me dizer o que pensam sobre isso; a estrutura da película”, disse na época do anúncio.

“Mas se você olhar para os novos filmes e olhar para a nossa série … verá que é muito sobre a moral, da condição humana, ir lá fora no espaço e descobrir o que ele faz para nós”, disse Dorn, que alegou que filmes modernos tem menos conversa e mais ação. “O roteiro que eu escrevi possui um bom equilíbrio. Há ação”.

Até o momento, não houve um interesse real do estúdio pela série de Worf, apesar de ter sido colocada em espera por causa de Além da Escuridão: “No ano passado, nós conversamos com algumas pessoas na CBS. Não os executivos que tomam as decisões, mas conversamos com alguns executivos e estamos fazendo algum progresso”.

Apesar do desinteresse aparente do estúdio, Dorn não desistiu e pensa que uma série “Capitão Worf” ainda pode acontecer. “Eu sou um eterno otimista sobre isso”, disse ele. “Porque eu tenho visto coisas como esta, acontecerem antes do ‘sim’, quando eles dizem ‘não’, mas isso não significa que está morto. Eu acho que se a CBS olhar para esse material e ouvir o suficiente dos fãs; eles irão olhar para a série com mais carinho”.

Dorn revelou um pouco sobre os detalhes de sua série. “Seria em uma nave Klingon”, disse o ator, acrescentando que, da mesma forma que a Enterprise foi a casa de um Klingon, esta nave incluiria tripulantes humanos a bordo, “Worf estaria tentando encontrar seu lugar no universo”.

Durante um bate papo recente na Convenção Star Trek em Las Vegas, Dorn voltou a falar sobre o assunto, “Há sempre espaço para Jornada na televisão”, comentou, mas lamentou que, apesar da ideia ter sido proposta, nada aconteceu. Spiner brincou que Dorn tem uma cadeira de capitão em sua casa e ele se senta nela praticando e dizendo “vamos ver o que está lá fora”. Dorn, por fim, sugeriu uma campanha de cartas, onde CBS vê um volume de cartas e interesse dos fãs de uma forma que as campanhas por e-mail não podem fazer. “Isso realmente deveria ter uma verdadeira campanha de cartas”, disse ele. “Eu não acho que possa haver um Kickstarter (campanha de doações) ou uma dessas coisas. Eu não quero fazer isso. Eu acho que tem que ser um movimento de base que seja tão grande que simplesmente não possa ser ignorado. E alguém pode chegar e dizer ‘… eu vou fazer isso”.

No final de Deep Space Nine, Worf tornou-se embaixador da Federação na terra natal Klingon, Qo’noS. Já no prequel em quadrinhos do filme de J.J. Abrams, Worf aparece como um general Klingon do Império, travando uma luta contra o capitão romulano Nero. Worf sofre ferimentos potencialmente fatais durante o encontro, mas foi indicado que ele ainda estaria vivo.

Vale lembrar que, após o filme de 1991, Star Trek VI: A Terra Desconhecida, George Takei foi atrás de uma campanha para que a Paramount concordasse em fazer uma série “Excelsior” do Capitão Sulu.

Naquela época, o ator deixou claro que ele estava pronto para trazer o capitão. O fã clube Federação Internacional de Trekkers (IFT) juntou-se a causa e incentivou os fãs a mostrarem seu apoio a série, escrevendo cartas a Paramount. A campanha contou com a ajuda de antigos fãs, como Bjo Trimble (organizador da campanha de cartas de 1968 que levou a uma terceira temporada da série original). Apesar de todo o esforço, não houve interesse do estúdio pela série.

Fontes: TrekToday – Trek Movie – TrekBrasilis (TB)

Planetas e estrelas: um ponto de vista no universo

O gigantismo é relativo: planetas e estrelas

Por Pablo Aaron dos Santos | 29/03/2011

.

    “Tudo é relativo”, apressam-se em enunciar os físicos de final de semana, cometendo um erro grave. Não, nem tudo é relativo. Nem mesmo para Einstein. O idealizador da Teoria da Relatividade referia-se ao tempo e espaço, estes sim dependentes do referencial.

    As pessoas possuem, intuitivamente, noções de largura, altura, profundidade, peso (do grande e do pequeno, do leve e do pesado). Essas noções são, geralmente, baseadas nas experiências que temos com o mundo que nos cerca. Que tal partirmos então para o pouco familiar?  O quanto um planeta é grande? E uma estrela? O sol é uma estrela grande?

    É difícil termos compreensão dessas medidas, afinal, o único planeta que nos é familiar é esse ao qual pisamos. Todos os outros planetas e estrelas estão muito distantes e nao passam de pequenos pontos na escuridão do nosso zênite. O que nos parece pequeno inicialmente pode ser muito grande sob um outro ponto de vista. O gigantismo é relativo.

    Observe nas gravuras abaixo a comparação entre os planetas do sistema solar, e deles com o sol e diferentes tipos de estrelas encontradas em nossa galáxia e outras.

 

Os planetas do sistema solar.

 

O planeta Júpiter, a estrela Wolf 359 (Estrela localizada a aproximadamente 7,8 anos-luz, o que a torna uma das estrelas mais próximas. Localizada na constelação de Leão. É uma anã vermelha extremamente fraca, invisível a olho nu.) e a estrela Sirius ( Estrela mais brilhante do céu, localizada na constelação de Canis Major.)

 

Sirius, Pollux (Estrela gigante laranja que está a cerca de 34 anos-luz da Terra. Pollux é a estrela mais brilhante da constelação de Gêmeos.), Arcturus (Estrela mais brilhante da constelação do Boieiro. Ela é a quarta estrela mais brilhante no céu noturno.) e Aldebaran (Estrela mais brilhante da constelação Taurus.)

 

Aldebaran, Rigel (Estrela mais brilhante da constelação de Orion.), Betelgeuse (Estrela de brilho variável sendo a 10ª ou 12ª mais brilhante. É também a segunda estrela mais brilhante na constelação de Orion, apesar de ser maior que Rigel.), Antares (Estrela gigante vermelha na constelação de Scorpius.), S Doradus (Estrela mais brilhante da Grande Nuvem de Magalhães, uma galáxia satélite da Via Láctea.), KY Cygni (Estrela hipergigante vermelha localizada na constelação de Cygnus.) e VV Cephei (Estrela gigante vermelha localizada na constelação de Cefeu.)

    Aproveite para aprofundar um pouco mais no vídeo abaixo.

Fonte: Cursoathenas.webnode.com.br

 

E mais:

O final deste vídeo mostra o que ira acontecer com o nosso Sol daqui ha um bilhão de anos, segundo a serie Cosmos. Depois disto, apos ter consumido Mercúrio e Vênus, quem sabe a Terra, a mais ou menos 5 bilhões de anos, ira encolher e se tornar uma anã branca,  fria, brilhante, e ficara assim por mais 100 bilhões de anos. (Comando USS Orbiter A)

Script de Star Trek 3 está concluído

Orci confirma que primeiro script está concluído

por Ralph Pinheiro | agosto 12, 2014
.
 

star-trek3

O próximo filme de Star Trek deu o seu primeiro passo. Há um mês atrás, foi relatado que Roberto Orci e os co-roteiristas Patrick McKay e JD Payne estavam no meio da criação do roteiro. Agora, Orci deu uma informação exclusiva ao site TrekMovie e confirma que o primeiro rascunho do script está concluído.

Como é seu costume, Roberto Orci as vezes conversa com os internautas na seção de comentários do site Trek Movie.

No seu mais recente comentário sobre o progresso do projeto Star Trek, escreveu.

boborci:
p & m  & eu: “terminado” ontem o primeiro esboço. As coisas estão se movendo.

Orci está se referindo a [JD] Payne e [Patrick] McKay, co-autores do script da primeira versão do roteiro de Star Trek.

Em novo comentário Orci disse no TrekMovie:

Primeiro esboço está feito

A finalização do primeiro rascunho é o primeiro passo para a fase de “desenvolvimento” do filme. Orci afirmou que ele espera começar a rodar o filme na próxima primavera (início de 2015), com pré-produção a partir de alguns meses antes (fim deste ano). Se a Paramount gostar do jeito que as coisas estão indo, os próximos passos (enquanto rascunhos adicionais estão sendo desenvolvidos) serão: finalizar a negociação da direção com Orci, estabelecer um orçamento para o filme e definir uma data de lançamento.

Embora um alto executivo da Paramount tenha falado que o próximo Star Trek seria em 2016, o estúdio precisa definir oficialmente uma data para este filme e os outros de sua linha de produção.

O Trek Brasilis estará atento para fornecer a você atualizações desta produção. Fique ligado.

Fonte: TB

 

Orci e Kurtzman numa `entrevista`

Orci e Kurtzman produzirão filme vampiresco

 por Ralph Pinheiro | agosto 8, 2014
.
 

Entrevista com o Vampiro

A saga do vampiro Lestat de Lioncourt poderá voltar às telonas. De acordo com os sites  The Wrap e Deadline, a Universal adquiriu os direitos da série “Crônicas Vampirescas” de Anne Rice. O acordo prevê o direito de levar aos cinemas todos os livros da autora, inclusive o já adaptado Entrevista com o Vampiro (interpretado por Tom Cruise e Brad Pitt em 1994). A produção ficará ao encargo da dupla Roberto Orci e Alex Kurtzman ao lado de Brain Grazer da produtora Imagine Entertainment. A Universal também acertou com Kurtzman para dirigir a revitalização de The Mummy.

Fonte: TrekMovie – TB

 

A Dobra espacial na Relatividade geral (artigo)

A velocidade de dobra: viagem hiper-rápida dentro da relatividade geral

(The warp drive: hyper-fast travel within general relativity)

De Miguel Alcubierre*
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wales, College of Cardiff, P.O. Box 913, Cardiff CF1 3YB, UK.

PACS numbers : 0420, 0490.

Resumo

Mostra-se como, no âmbito da relatividade geral e sem a introdução de buracos de minhoca, é possível modificar um espaço-tempo de uma forma que permite que uma nave espacial a viajar com uma velocidade arbitrariamente grande. Por uma expansão puramente local do espaço-tempo por trás da nave espacial e uma contração oposta em frente a ela, o movimento mais rápido do que a velocidade da luz, como visto por observadores de fora da região do distúrbio é possível. A distorção resultante é uma reminiscência da “warp drive” da ficção cientifica. Entretanto, assim como acontece com os buracos de minhoca, será necessária uma matéria exótica, a fim de gerar uma distorção do espaço-tempo como o que discutiremos aqui.

[Published in: Class. Quantum Grav. 11-5, L73-L77 (1994)]

* Present address: Max Plank Institut fur Gravitationsphysik, Albert Einstein Institut, Schlaatzweg 1, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany.

Quando estudamos a relatividade especial, aprendemos que nada pode viajar mais rápido que a velocidade da luz. Este fato ainda é verdade na relatividade geral, embora, neste caso, é preciso ser um pouco mais preciso: na relatividade geral, nada pode viajar mais rápido do que localmente a velocidade da luz.

Desde a nossa experiência cotidiana, que é baseada em um espaço euclidiano, é natural acreditar que, se nada pode viajar mais rápido do que a luz localmente, então, dado dois lugares que são separadas por uma distância espacial D adequado, é impossível fazer uma ida e volta entre eles em um tempo inferior a 2D/c (em que c é a velocidade da luz), como medido por um observador que permanece sempre no local de saída. É claro que, a partir de nosso conhecimento da especial relatividade, sabemos que o tempo medido pela pessoa que fez a viagem de volta pode ser arbitrariamente pequeno se dele (ou dela) a velocidade se aproxima à da luz. No entanto, o fato de que, no âmbito da relatividade geral e sem a necessidade de introduzir topologias não triviais (wormholes – buracos de minhoca), pode-se realmente fazer uma viagem tão redonda em um curto espaço de tempo arbitrariamente, medida por um observador que permaneceu em repouso, provavelmente, virá como uma surpresa para muitas pessoas.

Aqui eu gostaria de discutir um exemplo simples que mostra como isso pode ser feito. A ideia básica pode ser mais facilmente compreendido se pensarmos por um momento na fase inflacionária do início do Universo, e considerar a velocidade relativa de separação de dois observadores concomitantes. É fácil de convencer-se que, se define esta velocidade relativa como a taxa de variação da distância espacial adequada ao longo do tempo apropriado, vamos obter um valor que é muito maior do que a velocidade da luz. Isso não quer dizer que os nossos observadores estarão viajando mais rápido do que a luz: eles sempre se movem dentro de seus cones de luz locais. A enorme velocidade de separação vem da expansão do próprio espaço-tempo. Esta velocidade superluminal é muitas vezes uma fonte de confusão. É também um bom exemplo de como uma intuição baseada na relatividade especial podem enganar quando se trata de espaços-tempos dinâmicos [¹This superluminal speed is very often a source of confusion. It is also a very good example of how an intuition based on special relativity can be deceiving when one deals with dynamical spacetimes.]

O exemplo anterior mostra como se pode usar uma expansão do espaço-tempo para afastar-se de algum objeto a uma velocidade arbitrariamente grande. Da mesma forma, pode-se usar uma contração do espaço-tempo para aproximar-se de um objeto a qualquer velocidade. Esta é a base do modelo para a viagem espacial super rápida que desejo apresentar aqui: criar uma distorção do espaço-tempo local, que irá produzir uma expansão por trás da nave espacial e uma contração oposta à sua frente. Desta forma, a nave será empurrado para longe da Terra e puxada na direção a uma estrela distante pelo próprio espaço-tempo. Pode-se então inverter o processo de voltar à Terra, tendo arbitrariamente um pequeno tempo para completar a viagem de volta.

Agora vou introduzir uma métrica simples que tem precisamente as características acima mencionadas. Eu vou fazer isso usando a linguagem do formalismo 3+1 da relatividade geral, [¹,²] porque vai permitir uma interpretação clara dos resultados. Neste formalismo, o espaço-tempo é descrito por uma folheação de hipersuperfıcies do tipo espacial da coordenada de tempo na constante t. A geometria do espaço-tempo é dado em termos das seguintes quantidades: a trimetria ϒij das hipersuperfıcies, o lapso da função α que dá o intervalo que propõe o tempo entre o mais próximo com que são medidas pelos observadores ‘Eurelianos’ (aqueles cujas quatro velocidade é normal para os hipersuperfıcies), e o vector de deslocamento βi que relaciona os sistemas de coordenadas espaciais em diferentes hipersuperfıcies. Usando essas quantidades, a métrica do espaço-tempo pode ser escrita como: [² In the following greek indices will take the values (0,1,2,3) and latin indices the values (1,2,3).]

Figura1

Note-se que enquanto a métrica ϒij é positiva e definida para todos os valores de t (como deveria, a fim de que ele seja uma métrica espacial), o espaço-tempo é garantido para ser globalmente hiperbólico. Qualquer espaço-tempo que pode ser descrito na linguagem formal do 3+1 portanto, não terá curvas causais fechadas.

Deixe-nos agora pressupor que os nossos movimentos na nave espacial ao longo do eixo x em um sistema de coordenadas cartesianas. Queremos encontrar uma métrica que irá “empurrar” a nave espacial ao longo de uma trajetória descrita por uma função arbitrária de tempo xs (t). A metrica que nos dá esta propriedade é dada por (G=c=1):

Figura2

Onde:

Figura3

E onde  f  é a função

FIG4

Com R > 0  e  σ > 0  parâmetros arbitrários. Note que para um longo σ a função f (r) aproxima-se muito rapidamente de uma função “cartola”

FIG5

Com as definições acima, a métrica (1) pode ser reescrita como:

FIG6

É fácil de compreender a geometria do espaço-tempo a partir das expressões anteriores. Em primeiro lugar, a partir da equação (5) podemos ver que a tri-geometria das hipersuperfıcies é sempre plana. Além disso, o fato do lapso ser dado por α = 1 implica que as curvas temporais normais para estes hipersuperfıcies são campos gravitacionais, i.é, os observadores Eulerianos estão em queda livre. O espaço-tempo, no entanto, não está, devido à presença de uma mudança não uniforme. No entanto, uma vez que o vetor de mudança desaparece para  rs >> R vemos que em qualquer momento t do espaço-tempo estará essencialmente em toda parte, exceto dentro de uma região com um raio de ordem R centralizado no ponto (xs(t), 0, 0) .

Desde que a tri-geometria dos hipersuperfıcies seja plana, as informações sobre a curvatura do espaço-tempo será contida no tensor da curvatura extrínseca Kij . Esse tensor descreve como as hipersuperfıcies tridimensionais estão embutidas no espaço-tempo de quatro dimensões e é definido como:

FIG7Onde Di  indica a diferenciação covariante em relação a tri-metria ϒij . Da forma de  α e ϒij , não é difícil de ver que esta expressão reduz para

FIG8

A expressão θ de volume dos elementos associados com os observadores Eurelianos é dada em termos de Kij como

FIG9

Desta expressão não é diferente para mostrar que:

FIG 10

A Figura (1) mostra o gráfico de θ  como uma função de x e ρ = (y2 + z2 )¹⁄ , no caso particular quando σ = 8 e R = vs = 1. O centro da perturbação corresponde à posição da espaçonave xs (t). Vemos claramente como os elementos de volume estão se expandindo por trás da nave espacial, e contraindo na frente dela.

Para provar que a trajetória da nave espacial é de fato uma curva tipo tempo, independentemente do valor de vs (t) nós substituímos x = xs (t) na metrica [8]. Em seguida, é fácil ver que para a trajetória da nave espacial teremos:

FIG 11

Isto implica não apenas que a nave se move em uma curva tipo tempo, mas também que seu tempo é igual a coordenada tempo. Uma vez que a coordenada tempo também é igual ao tempo apropriado de observadores distantes da região plana, podemos concluir que a nave sofre nenhuma dilatação de tempo, uma vez que se move. Também é fácil de provar que a nave se move sobre um campo gravitacional. Isto significa que mesmo que a aceleração das coordenadas podem ser uma função de tempo arbitrária, a aceleração devido ao longo do caminho espacial será sempre zero. Além disso, não é difícil de convencer-se que, quando o parâmetro é grande, as forças da maré nas imediações da nave são muito pequenos (desde que R esteja maior que o tamanho da nave). Claro, na região onde r ≅  R a força das marés podem ser de fato muito grandes.

Para ver como se pode usar essa métrica para fazer uma viagem a volta a uma estrela distante em um pequeno tempo arbitrado, vamos considerar a seguinte situação: Duas estrelas A e B estão separadas por uma distância D no plano espaço-tempo. No momento t0, uma nave espacial começa a se afastar de A em uma velocidade v < 1 usando seus motores de foguete. A nave espacial depois pára a uma distância d longe de A. Vou assumir que d é tal que:

R << d << D                                                                 (14)

 É neste ponto que uma perturbação do espaço-tempo do tipo descrito, centrada na posição da nave, primeiro aparece. Esta perturbação é tal que a nave é empurrada para longe de A com uma aceleração de coordenadas que muda rapidamente de 0 a um valor constante α. Uma vez que a espaçonave está inicialmente em repouso ( vs = 0 ), a perturbação irá desenvolver sem problemas no espaço-tempo em (ver equação [8]).

Quando a nave está a meio caminho entre A e B, a perturbação é modificada de tal maneira que a aceleração das coordenadas muda rapidamente de a para -a. Se a aceleração das coordenadas na segunda parte da viagem é organizada de tal forma a ser o oposto do que a que tivemos na primeira parte, em seguida, a nave irá eventualmente encontrar-se em repouso a uma distância d longe de B, a qual a perturbação do espaço-tempo desaparecerá (porque novamente vs = 0). A jornada é agora completada por mover-se novamente através do plano do espaço-tempo a velocidade v  [3 The two constant-velocity legs at the beginning and end of the journey are not crucial for the argument that I wish to present here. I only introduce them in order to guarantee that the two stars will remain unaffected by the disturbance of spacetime ( R << d ), and can therefore be used as unperturbed “clocks” with which to compare the proper time on board the spaceship].

Se cada uma das mudanças em aceleração é muito rápida, o total da coordenada T de tempo decorrido na viagem só de ida será essencialmente dada por:

FIG 12

Uma vez que ambas as estrelas permanecem no espaço, o tempo adequado é igual a coordenada tempo. O momento adequado medido na nave espacial, por outro lado, são os seguintes:

FIG 13

Com  ϒ = ( 1 – v2 ) . Vemos, então, que a dilatação do tempo só vem desde as fases iniciais e finais da viagem, quando a nave se move através de um espaço-tempo. Agora, se a condição se mantém [14], teremos:

FIG 14

Está claro que T pode ser feito tão pequeno quanto quisermos, aumentando o valor de α. Uma vez que a viagem de ida e volta só levará o dobro do tempo, descobrimos que podemos estar de volta a estrela A após um pequeno momento arbitrado adequado, tanto do ponto de vista da nave espacial e do ponto de vista da estrela. A nave será, então, capaz de viajar mais rápido do que a velocidade da luz. No entanto, como vimos, ela permanecerá sempre em uma trajetória tal qual o tempo, isto é, dentro do seu cone de luz local: a própria luz também está sendo empurrada pela distorção do espaço-tempo. Um mecanismo de propulsão baseado em uma distorção do espaço-tempo, implora para ser dado-lhe o nome familiar da “warp drive” da ficção científica.

A métrica que acabo de descrever tem uma desvantagem importante, porém: ela viola as três condições energéticas (fracas, dominante e forte [3]). Ambos os fracas e as condições de energia dominantes exigem a densidade de energia positiva para todos os observadores. Se se calcula o tensor de Einstein da métrica [8], e utiliza o fato de que a velocidade de quatro dos observadores Euler é dada por:

FIG 15

então pode-se mostrar que esses observadores verão uma densidade de energia dada por:

FIG 16

O fato de que esta expressão está em toda parte negativa implica que as condições de energia fracas e dominantes são violadas. De uma maneira semelhante pode-se mostrar que a condição energética forte também é violada.

Vemos, então, que, assim como acontece com os buracos de minhoca, também acontece com a matéria exótica para viajar mais rápida que a velocidade da luz. No entanto, mesmo que a pessoa acredite que a matéria exótica seja proibida classicamente, é bem sabido que a teoria quântica de campo permite a existência de regiões com densidades de energia negativas em algumas circunstâncias especiais (como, por exemplo, no efeito Casimir [4]). A necessidade de material exótico, por conseguinte, não necessariamente eliminam a possibilidade de utilização de uma distorção do espaço-tempo, como a descrita acima para as viagens hiper-rápidas interestelares. Como um comentário final, vou apenas mencionar o fato de que mesmo que o espaço-tempo descrito pela métrica [8] seja globalmente hiperbólica, e, portanto, não contém curvas causais fechadas, isso provavelmente não dificulta muito a construção de um espaço-tempo que contém tais curvas usando uma ideia similar ao apresentado aqui.

O autor gostaria de agradecer a Bernard F. Schutz e Gareth S. Jones por muitos comentários úteis.

References

[1] C.W. Misner, K.S. Thorne and J.A. Wheeler, Gravitation, W.H. Freeman, 1973.

[2] J.W. York, \Kinematics and Dynamics of General Relativity” in: Sources of Gravitational Radiation, ed. L.L. Smarr, pp. 83-126, Cambridge University Press, 1979.

[3] S.W. Hawking and G.F.R. Ellis, The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime, Cambridge University Press, 1973.

[4] B.S. DeWitt, in General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, edited by S.W. Hawking and W. Israel, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979.

 

Tradução:  Capitão da USS Orbiter A

Fonte:  http://iopscience.iop.org/0264-9381/11/5/001

Mofo nunca mais

Como acabar com mofo

por  | 30/10/2013 | Como fazer, Cultura e arte

.

Imagina só a cena: você tem um porão em casa e num belo dia, depois de meses, resolve dar uma passada lá. O que poderia ser pior que encontrar as paredes totalmente tomadas por camadas de mofo, daqueles bem nojentos e esverdeados?

Cenário de filme de terror.

Provavelmente, você preferiria encontrar uma alma penada. Melhor pensar duas vezes, pois, apesar de requerer um pouco de esforço, se livrar do mofo é mais fácil que dos espíritos inoportunos.

Deixando esse papo do além pra lá, separei algumas dicas que podem ajudar na hora de se livrar do mofo que está acabando com sua paz.

Para começar a conversa, é importante conhecer melhor seu inimigo, o mofo. Ele é um tipo de fungo que cresce em áreas mal ventiladas e úmidas, como os banheiros, porões e até nas saídas de ar de uma casa. Pode ser bastante prejudicial à saúde, dependendo da quantidade de mofo e de quão grande é a área que cobre. Por isso, é muito importante detectar e se livrar do mofo para manter você e sua família saudável, uma vez que pode desencadear reações alérgicas e prejudicar seus pulmões se for inalado diretamente.

Enquanto alguns tipos de mofo vão exigir um tratamento especial para serem removidos da sua casa, alguns problemas menores podem ser tratados com produtos e métodos domésticos. Vamos a eles!

1. Encontrando o mofo

Este pode ser um trabalho fácil, mas é bom ficar bastante atento, pois algumas vezes pode ser complicado identificar onde o mofo cresce, principalmente porque ele tende a crescer em áreas escondidas. Então, antes que você possa remover todo o mofo da sua casa, você vai ter que encontrá-lo.

Inspecione cada cômodo da sua casa, como o banheiro e o porão, se você tiver um. É importante dar atenção a esses tipos de ambientes, pois o mofo costuma prosperar em áreas úmidas e com pouco acesso à luz natural, o que coloca no topo da lista as lavanderias e banheiros. Procure em sua casa quais são os ambientes mal ventilados e que tendem a ficar úmidos ou ainda, que têm altos níveis de umidade.

Verifique com atenção as paredes para ver se encontra mofo e preste atenção em como o ar cheira. O cheiro de umidade intensa pode indicar que você tem um problema de mofo. Também é imprescindível que você verifique os espaços onde tiver encanamento em sua casa, como embaixo da pia, em torno do vaso sanitário e na área do chuveiro. Se estes equipamentos estão vazando, podem estar contribuindo para tornar seu banheiro um terreno fértil para o mofo.

mofo 1

Se sua casa é forrada com carpete, tente levantar uma pequena parte dele e veja se há indícios do crescimento de mofo sob o tapete.

Outra parte que você deve examinar são as janelas. Elas costumam acumular umidade e, por isso, podem ser um excelente lugar para o mofo se proliferar. Olhe cuidadosamente ao longo das bordas da moldura da janela e em todo o parapeito.

Preste muita atenção às áreas de sua casa que parecem estar se deteriorando. Você pode encontrar pintura descascando em suas paredes, peitoris e guarnição, ou áreas apodrecendo em seu revestimento, janelas ou teto. Estes são os sinais possíveis de que você tem um problema de mofo.

Depois que você localizar o mofo em sua casa, deve eliminá-lo o mais rápido possível para acabar de vez com o risco dele se espalhar e causar problemas de saúde. Finalmente, vamos às dicas de como removê-lo.

Como remover mofo de tecido

A notícia boa é que você consegue remover o mofo da maior parte dos tecidos. A ruim é que muitas técnicas podem arruinar ou remover a cor da peça, pois pode ser necessário usar alvejante. Por isso, só vale a pena o trabalho de fazer o procedimento abaixo em tecidos de algodão branco.

Você vai precisar de:

  • bicarbonato de sódio;
  • alvejante;
  • um frasco de spray vazio;
  • uma tigela;
  • uma escova de dentes velha;
  • uma escova macia e luvas de proteção.

Como fazer: 

1. Comece com o método mais fácil: Misture uma parte de alvejante para uma parte de água já dentro do frasco spray. Agite e pulverize sobre o mofo. Deixe agir por um tempo e depois enxágue. Se isso não funcionar, será preciso usar armas mais pesadas.

2. A mistura mais pesada é a de uma parte de alvejante para três partes de bicarbonato de sódio até formar uma pasta dentro da tigela. Coloque as luvas de proteção e use uma escova de dentes para aplicar a mistura sobre o mofo. Esfregue levemente, deixe que aja por cerca de 30 minutos e ,em seguida, enxague. Se isso não funcionar, prepare-se para usar uma artilharia ainda mais potente.

3. Misture partes iguais de água sanitária e bicarbonato de sódio em uma tigela. Vista as luvas e use uma escova macia para aplicar a pasta. Ponha um pouco de força ao esfregar a mancha. Deixe a pasta agir por cerca de 30 minutos e depois enxágue. Se ela ainda estiver lá, chame os navios de guerra.

4. Misture 3 partes de alvejante para uma parte de bicarbonato de sódio. Vista as luvas e aplique com a escova. Deixar solidificar e enxágue.

Removendo mofo do banheiro

cal-condo2

O mofo é um incômodo frequente em chuveiros e outras partes do banheiro. Para removê-lo do seu banheiro:

Você vai precisar de:

  • Escova de nylon;
  • água;
  • balde de plástico;
  • e bastante bicarbonato de sódio.

Como fazer:

1. Aplique água quente no rejunte – ou  a parte que tenha sido afetada – e esfregue vigorosamente com uma escova de nylon com cerdas duras procurando remover o máximo de bolor superficial possível.

2. Encha um balde de plástico com um litro de água quente e incorpore cerca de 3/4 de xícara de bicarbonato de sódio.

3. Polvilhe bicarbonato de sódio diretamente sobre o mofo.

4. Molhe a escova de nylon na mistura de água e bicarbonato e esfregue vigorosamente para remover o mofo. Alterne os movimentos, variando na direção da esfregada e variando com círculos, para ajudar a remover o mofo. Permita que o bicarbonato de sódio fique sobre o mofo de duas a três horas antes de continuar.

5. Por fim, lave bem o bicarbonato de sódio da superfície com água quente. Utilize mais bicarbonato de sódio e esfregue novamente, se necessário.

Como tirar mofo de madeira

O mofo cresce facilmente em madeira úmida. Isso pode incluir rodapés de madeira atrás de móveis, janelas e armários.

Se suas peças de madeira foram dominadas pelo mofo e você tem sede de vingança, vai precisar de:

  • fosfato trissódico ou bicarbonato de sódio;
  • água;
  • escova de nylon;
  • água sanitária;
  • esponja;
  • ácido oxálico;
  • secador de cabelo (opcional).

Como fazer:

1. Aumente a temperatura e a circulação de ar em torno da superfície da madeira. Madeira úmida é um terreno fértil para o mofo. Secar a madeira vai tornar o mofo mais fácil de ser removido e impedirá o crescimento futuro de bolor. Você pode usar um secado de cabelo para aquecer a madeira.

2. Misture de 8 a 10 colheres de sopa de fosfato trissódico (ou bicarbonato de sódio) em um balde com 1 litro de água. Molhe a escova na solução e esfregue o mofo da madeira. Para superfícies de madeira macia ou delicadas, use uma esponja para esfregar.

3. Lave a solução que ficou sobre a madeira com água fria e ponha a peça em uma zona aquecida e ventilada. Permita que a madeira seque completamente. É recomendado que você pinte a madeira com uma tinta resistente a mofo para evitar o crescimento futuro de bolor. Siga as instruções da tinta que se correlacionam com o tipo de madeira.

4. Remova o mofo que cresceu sob a pintura usando um removedor de tinta. Faça uma solução de 8 colheres de sopa de fosfato trissódico, 1 xícara de água sanitária e 1 litro de água em um balde e esfregue bem com uma esponja ou escova.

5. Elimine manchas de mofo extremamente difíceis com ácido oxálico. Misture três colheres de sopa de ácido com um litro de água em um balde limpo. Esfregue bastante a mancha e lave bem com água fria. Deixe secar em uma sala bem aquecida e ventilada antes de aplicar uma pintura ou revestimento.

Como remover mofo de paredes

mofo 3

As preferidinhas do mofo, é preciso ter alguns truques na manga para quando ele surgir. Lembre-se de quando você for remover mofo da parede é importante cobrir o rosto com um pano ou máscara.

Você vai precisar de: água sanitária, frasco pulverizador, cloro em gel, esponja, balde e água.

Como fazer:

1. Proteja o piso na área que você está prestes a limpar, usando uma lona de plástico grosso no chão.

2. Use água sanitária com um pulverizador sobre a área da parede afetada e espere cerca de 10 minutos.

3. Usando um balde de água limpa, lave a parede para remover a mancha e toda a água sanitária. A maior parte da mancha deve sair neste ponto.

4. Use uma esponja para aplicar cloro em gel em todos os pontos de mofo restantes e deixe descansar de 15 a 20 minutos. Em seguida, lave a parede totalmente.

5. Você vai precisar pintar a parede em seguida. Não deixe de usar um produto selador que impeça que o mofo volte.

Tirando de livros e papéis

O mofo faz a festa quando encontra papel, pois se prolifera muito bem com a matéria orgânica encontrada em livros e papéis.

Você vai precisar de: Água, sabão neutro, pano limpo, escova, toalha de papel, cloro e amido de milho.

Como Fazer:

1. Coloque os livros em um ambiente de umidade controlada.

2. Seque os livros se eles estiverem úmidos devido à formação de mofo. Remova com cuidado o mofo solto com uma escova ou um pedaço de pano limpo que foi embebido em água e sabão neutro. Seque a área afetada com uma toalha de papel e deixe repousar até ficar completamente seca.

3. Mergulhe um pedaço de pano numa solução de cloro e água. Aplique na área com manchas de mofo. Em seguida, use um pano para secar na área tratada.

4. Você também pode tentar polvilhar amido de milho entre as páginas do livro e ligar o ar condicionado ou ventilador. Deixe secar e depois raspe todo o resíduo do livro.

Não deixe o mofo voltar

Depois que você viveu essa verdadeira batalha contra o mofo, claro que não vai querer passar por tudo isso de novo. Mas só é possível garantir isso se você impedir que ele volte. Portanto, é preciso diminuir a umidade nos ambientes que foram afetados por ele.

Se seu banheiro tem problemas frequentes com o crescimento de fungos, e você não tem um respiradouro, considere a instalação de um para quando estiver usando o chuveiro ou banheira e para ventilar adequadamente o cômodo. Também deixe a porta aberta ou semi-aberta. Isto ajudará a prevenir seu crescimento.

Para um quarto ou outro ambiente que parece estar constantemente úmido, use um desumidificador, eles costumam ser bastante eficazes nesses casos.

Se você já removeu o mofo, mas suas roupas estão com aquele cheiro de bolor, veja essas dicas para eliminar o cheiro.

Lembre-se:

  • Se você não conseguir encontrar o mofo na sua casa com precisão, entre em contato com um profissional, ele irá chegar a sua casa com ferramentas projetadas especialmente para localizar o mofo em áreas que você não pode ver;
  • Nunca – nunca mesmo – toque no mofo sem usar luvas e proteção sobre a boca e o nariz. Se esporos de mofo forem liberados no ar e você os respirar, pode ficar muito doente;
  • Sempre se certifique de que há ventilação adequada na sala onde você está trabalhando;
  • Nunca misture cloro líquido com amônia ou produtos que contenham ácidos, tais como limpadores de banheiro, removedores de ferrugem ou vinagre, pois isso pode gerar gases perigosos;
  • Não tente simplesmente pintar sobre o mofo. Ele fará com que a tinta descasque, e irá continuar a crescer e se espalhar.
  • Tenha cuidado quando se tratam de livros velhos e antigos com soluções químicas.
  • O ácido oxálico e fosfato trissódico podem ser comprados em lojas de limpeza. O bicarbonato de sódio pode ser usado em lugar de fosfato trissódico.
  • Lave bem as mãos após o manuseio de produtos químicos.

Agora, digam, acharam as informações úteis?  Têm mais alguma técnica para remoção de mofo? O que já deu certo para vocês?

Poema Eurístenes

Autora do Como Fazer. Apesar de possuir doutorado em ciência da rua, ainda é universitária e estuda Ciências Sociais. Pernambucana de berço, carioca por vocação, pretende transformar o mundo, nem que seja só o seu. Sua metamorfose ambulante é representada nos cabelos e nos textos que posta em seu devaneio particular.

Outros artigos escritos por

Fonte: Papodehomem

Star Trek 3: Zoe Saldaña não quer ver Spock sem Uhura

Zoe não quer fim do romance Spock/Uhura

 .

spock-uhura-star-trekZoe Saldaña está fazendo uma turnê de divulgação do seu novo filme Guardiões da Galáxia, que abre neste fim de semana. Durante uma coletiva de imprensa, a atriz respondeu ao IGN sobre seus pensamentos quanto a relação entre Spock e Uhura no próximo filme.

Gostaria de ver Uhura romper com Spock e ser apenas parte da equipe de novo?

Saldana: “Eu não sei. Eles têm uma ligação especial. Seria bom ver Uhura fazer mais coisas, mas eu sinto que J.J. [Abrams] e sua equipe de roteiristas fizeram um ótimo trabalho nesta sequência e eu tenho certeza que para o terceiro filme veremos Uhura ser mais prática também. Seria doloroso saber que eles iriam romper”.

zoe barrigaQuando soube de sua gravidez, Zoe Saldaña correu para posar para a capa da britânica Women’s Health (Saúde da Mulher). Na edição da revista, Zoe falou um pouco de sua insatisfação com o corpo: “Meu corpo está menos tonificado. Eu me olho no espelho e vejo coisas que não gostaria de ver. Minha primeira reação é respirar fundo e pensar: Eu sou uma mulher com 36 anos, meu corpo está mudando”.

Nos eventos de divulgação de Guardiões da Galáxia ela já exibe os primeiros sinais da gravidez: uma barriguinha bem saliente.

As filmagens de Star Trek 3 estão previstas para início de 2015 e lançamento para 2016.

 

Fontes: TrekMovie – TrekBrasilis (TB)

Compositor Michael Giacchino fala de Star Trek

Giacchino fala sobre trilha sonora de Star Trek

 .

StarTrekIntoDarkness_DeluxeO compositor Michael Giacchino está na Filadélfia esta semana para realizar a apresentação, através de orquestra sinfônica, da trilha sonora de Além da Escuridão com a exibição do filme. Ele também fala sobre o motivo que a música ficou “mais sombria” do que a do primeiro. Além disso a Varèse Sarabandeacaba de lançar uma edição de luxo com as trilhas sonoras dos dois longas de J. J. Abrams.

O compositor Michael Giacchino vem fazendo uma turnê pelo mundo para apresentação da trilha sonora dos filmes Star Trek e Além da Escuridão. Ele fez algumas performances na Europa com orquestras locais e agora percorre os EUA.

Neste mês irá juntar-se a Orquestra da Filadélfia para uma nova performance ao vivo e exibição do mais recente filme de J. J. Abrams. O evento ocorrerá nesta quinta-feira 31 de julho, no The Mann Center. Junto com a apresentação haverá também um concurso de fantasias para a melhor caracterização dos personagens de Jornada.

“Eu sempre senti que aqueles de nós que começam a gravar esses tipos de trilha sonora, esta música de filme … é uma experiência única e estranha de estar em um estúdio de gravação com a orquestra sentada ali, e há essa tela gigante atrás. Você é capaz de assistir o filme com a orquestra tocando ao vivo para a imagem que você está gravando”, disse o compositor ao site app.

Giacchino disse que cresceu assistindo a reprises da série original e comentou sobre o processo de música para os dois últimos filmes.

“Enquanto o primeiro filme, que introduziu aos espectadores Chris Pine como James Kirk e Zachary Quinto como Spock, estava alinhado com o otimismo da era espacial de estilo e a alegria da descoberta, o segundo tem um olhar mais severo e mais agressivo em questões atuais preocupantes”.

“O primeiro é mais uma história de viagem pessoal, e o segundo parece mais um comentário sobre o nosso estatuto sociopolítico do mundo de hoje “, disse Giacchino continuando. “Parece que a história está realmente falando de ataques aéreos e se está certo de ir para a guerra. É errado? É moral? É imoral? Todas estas coisas estão em todos os noticiários de hoje”.

“E assim, Além da Escuridão foi mais uma exploração desses tipos de temas, enquanto que o primeiro foi realmente sobre o vazio deste personagem, o que ele tem que fazer a fim de encontrar a si mesmo e entender quem ele é e se realmente irá se tornar uma pessoa melhor – e ao longo do caminho, fazer alguns dos melhores amigos que ele nunca teve”.

“Mas, ambos os filmes têm uma espinha dorsal muito diferente. Então, musicalmente, o segundo pareceu mais sombrio. Pareceu mais operístico, pareceu como se fosse algo que era sempre nebuloso – Eu não quero dizer sombrio, porque está no título, iria soar brega – mas é um filme que é marcado em confusão emocional,  e como seria a coisa certa a fazer”.

Seu mais recente trabalho foi do filme Planeta dos Macacos: O Confronto. Giacchino está confirmado para fazer a trilha sonora de Jurassic World Tomorrowland.

A trilha sonora de Além da Escuridão lançada no ano passado tinha 14 faixas, com cerca de 47 minutos de música no total. Hoje, a Varèse Sarabande lançou uma edição de luxo, que tem tem 51 faixas com cerca de 2 horas de música no total. A edição limitada a 6.000 cópias vem num conjunto de 2 CDs com 31 e 20 músicas cada.

deluxe

Fontes : TrekMovie – TB

Jornada nas Estrelas e Planeta dos Macacos

Crossover entre Jornada e Planeta dos Macacos

 .

Star-Trek-Planet-of-the-ApesA IDW Publishing e a BOOM! Studios estão unindo forças para apresentar um crossover em quadrinhos de duas franquias: Jornada nas Estrelas e Planeta dos Macacos. O anúncio foi feito durante a San Diego Comic-Con, que está sendo realizada neste fim de semana.  De acordo com o anúncio, a IDW vai publicar uma série multi-edição que irá trazer a tripulação da série original com o filme original da saga dos símios.  “Planeta dos Macacos e Jornada são propriedades inovadoras da ficção científica e ambos lidam com muitos dos mesmos problemas e temas sociais”, disse Greg Goldstein presidente da IDW.  “Um cruzamento entre os dois é algo natural e esperado”. A história ficará a cargo dos irmãos  Scott e David Tipton e a arte com  Rachael Stott. David Tipton chegou a brincar revelando uma pequena sinopse: “Com os Klingons apoiando secretamente um gorila general renegado em um golpe para o controle de Ape City, o capitão Kirk encontra-se em uma desconfortável posição de ter de ajudar os orangotangos do Dr. Zaius”, disse David. “Taylor não vai ficar feliz com isso!”. Star Trek to the Planet of the Apes  tem lançamento previsto para janeiro de 2015 nos Estados Unidos.

Fontes: Trek Movie – TB

Una exercícios aeróbicos, alimentação balanceada e esses exercícios e conquiste uma barriga sequinha

Barriga lisinha: treinos de 15 minutos diários ajudam a ter o abdômen perfeito

Una exercícios aeróbicos, alimentação balanceada e esses exercícios e conquiste uma barriga sequinha

Naiara Taborda  |  23 de Fevereiro de 2014
Barriga lisinha: treinos de 15 minutos diários ajudam a ter o abdômen perfeito

NinaMalyna/ Stock Photo

Você desistiu de buscar a barriga lisinha por achar que falta tempo? Pois a boa notícia é que não é preciso gastar horas na academia para conquistar o abdômen dos sonhos: aliando alimentação balanceada e com poucas calorias, caminhadas ou corridas e 15 minutinhos diários de exercícios focados você pode chegar lá.

+ A nutróloga Liliane Oppermann indica um cardápio especial para quem quer perder peso

Antes de começar a se exercitar, é importante saber como funciona a região. “O abdômen é composto por três músculos, que se diferem em camadas sobrepostas e sentidos de fibras musculares opostos, tendo sua origem nas costelas e sua inserção na parte anterior do quadril”, explica Guilherme Lacerda, especialista em fisiologia do exercício pela Unifesp.

Pensando nisso, o profissional diz que os exercícios escolhidos devem trabalhar todas essas fibras de maneira eficaz, utilizando os movimentos articulares onde elas são acionadas. A seguir, ele lista as atividades, e monta um treino completo para você fazer em casa.

Reto do abdômen: “é a camada mais externa, acionada na flexão de coluna e flexão do quadril”.

Oblíquo do abdômen: “camada intermediária, acionada na flexão lateral da coluna, rotação da coluna e flexão lateral do quadril”.

Transverso: “camada mais profunda, pouco acionada em exercícios convencionais, utilizado em alguns funcionais de ativação do Core”.


Fotos: RyanKing999

Agende seu treino

Para ter sucesso nos exercícios, é preciso compartimentar a área de atuação, de acordo com as dicas do professor:

Segunda-feira: flexão de coluna.
Terça-feira: flexão lateral de coluna.
Quarta-feira: flexão de quadril.
Quinta-feira: rotação de coluna.
Sexta-feira: pranchas insométricas.

Você deverá fazer de três a quatro séries de cada um, com 15 a 20 repetições por vez. Entre cada série faça uma pausa de 30 a 45 segundos.

Reto abdominal

Reto abdominal: deite com a barriga para cima, coloque as mãos atrás da cabeça e mantenha as pernas flexionadas, abertas na largura dos quadris. Eleve o tronco, tirando os ombros do chão, e volte.

Reto abdominal com os pés apoiados: mantenha a mesma posição do abdominal tradicional, mas ao invés de colocar os pés no chão, eleve-os em um banquinho, sem estender muito os joelhos.

Reto abdominal com braços estendidos: na mesma posição do abdominal tradicional, estique os braços para trás da cabeça e flexione o tronco como um abdominal comum.

Flexão de coluna

Flexão lateral de coluna: em pé, afaste um pouco os pés. Coloque uma das mãos atrás da cabeça e deixe a outra próxima ao corpo. Incline o tronco para o lado que está com o braço elevado.

Flexão lateral da coluna deitada de lado: deite de lado com as pernas flexionadas, como se estivesse sentada. Coloque uma das mãos no chão, estendida na sua frente, e outra atrás da cabeça. Suba o tronco para a lateral e volte.

Flexão lateral da coluna deitada com as costas para o chão: deite de barriga para cima e deixe as pernas flexionadas como se fosse fazer um abdominal. Estenda os braços ao lado do corpo e, sem tirar as costas do chão, flexione o tronco cada vez para um lado, levando a mão em direção ao pé.

Flexão lateral da coluna deitada com as costas para o chão alternado: deite na mesma posição anterior, mas cruze a perna direita por cima da esquerda. Apoie a mão esquerda atrás da cabeça e deite o outro braço na lateral do corpo. Eleve o tronco e leve o cotovelo esquerdo na direção do joelho direito. Terminada a série, repita invertendo a posição.


Foto: AmmentorpDK/ Stock Photo

Flexão de quadril

Flexão de quadril no solo com joelhos flexionados: deite com as costas no chão e eleve as pernas flexionadas, como se estivesse sentada em uma cadeira. Suba e desça as pernas.

Flexão do quadril no solo com joelhos estendidos: deite com as costas no chão e eleve um pouco as pernas, que devem estar estendidas. Mantenha os braços retos ao lado do corpo e eleve e desça as pernas.

Flexão do quadril no solo com joelhos flexionados alternado: deite com as costas no chão e eleve as pernas flexionadas, como se estivesse sentada em uma cadeira. Suba e desça uma perna, enquanto a outra permanece elevada.

Flexão do quadril no solo com joelhos estendidos alternado: deite com as costas no chão e eleve um pouco as pernas, que devem estar estendidas. Mantenha os braços retos ao lado do corpo e eleve e desça uma das pernas, enquanto a outra permanece elevada.

Rotação da coluna

Rotação da coluna em pé: afaste os pés e mantenha a coluna reta, flexione os braços com as mãos na frente do peito. Gire a coluna para o lado, sem forçar demais, e volte para o centro.

Rotação da coluna deitada: deite no chão e abra os braços na altura dos ombros, encostando-os no chão. Eleve as pernas flexionadas, como se estivesse sentada em uma cadeira, e com os joelhos unidos leve-as à direita até encostar no chão. Faça as repetições e repita do outro lado.

Pranchas isométricas

Elevação do quadril: de barriga para baixo, com a ponta dos pés apoiados no chão, eleve o corpo estendendo os braços, fazendo uma linha reta da cabeça aos pés. Depois, mantenha os braços esticados elevando o corpo, mas jogue os quadris para cima (o corpo deve ficar em formato de “v” invertido), abaixe e repita.

Posição do gato: coloque mãos e joelhos no chão, ficando de quatro, com as costas retas. Eleve o braço esquerdo até a altura dos ombros ao mesmo tempo que estica a perna direita na mesma altura. Repita com os lados opostos.

Prancha lateral: de lado, apoie o antebraço direito no chão e eleve o corpo, mantendo o pé esquerdo sobre o direito e a mão na cintura, segure a posição por alguns segundos. Repita do outro lado.

Abdome sarado

“Todos nós temos os músculos da região abdominal prontos para se destacar independente do treinamento, porém alguns têm menos gordura nessa região o que favorece a sua demonstração natural. É importante ressaltar que o fato de treinar exaustivamente não garante uma barriga sarada, é imprescindível associar treinos aeróbios, juntamente com uma alimentação saudável para diminuir o percentual de gordura e expor mais os músculos e ficar definido”, finaliza.

Fonte: Daquidali.com.br

Estudo revela que não adianta só dieta

Sedentarismo é a maior causa da obesidade, diz estudo

Redação DaquiDali   |  10 de Julho de 2014

Dietas equilibradas ou milagrosas não faltam para quem quer manter ou perder peso. Preocupar-se apenas com a quantidade de alimentos ingeridos, contudo, não é garantia de um corpo em dia. É o que diz um estudo realizado pelo Serviço Nacional de Exames de Alimentação e Nutrição dos Estados Unidos: a maior causa da obesidade seria o sedentarismo, não a quantidade de calorias consumidas.

+ Sedentarismo aumenta a incidência de doenças cardíacas

Segundo dados do instituto, desde 20 anos atrás, grande parte da população vêm reduzindo a frequência de exercícios físicos enquanto a alimentação é estável. Isso fez com que o IMC (Índice de Massa Corporal) fosse aumentado, já que as calorias consumidas são menos gastas do que costumavam ser. Esse dado fez com que os pesquisadores investigassem se o tempo parado é, de fato, o grande responsável pelas altas taxas de obesidade nos Estados Unidos.

Pesquisadores da Universidade de Stanford, ao averiguar os dados do Serviço Nacional, descobriram que o número de mulheres que não praticam exercícios físicos saltou de 19,1% em 1994 para 51,7% em 2010. Enquanto isso, os homens também tiveram aumento no sedentarismo: de 11,4% em 1994 para 43,5% em 2010. Isso significa que a elevação é ainda mais dramática entre as mulheres, principalmente dos 18 aos 39 anos.

Além do aumento do IMC, foi analisado o da obesidade abdominal, outro grande indicador de mortalidade: a circunferência da cintura média aumentou em 0,37% ao ano para as mulheres e 0,27% para os homens. Dessa forma, há mais uma prova em relação à orientação dos nutricionistas de que a fórmula para emagrecer inclui tanto a boa alimentação quanto a prática de exercícios físicos. Que tal começar agora?

Fonte: Daquidali.com.br